Journal of
Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development

  • Abbreviation: J. Agric. Biotech. Sustain. Dev.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2340
  • DOI: 10.5897/JABSD
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 130

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of N fortified rice mill waste on soil chemical properties and yield of maize in Nigeria rainforest

Ojikpong, T. O.
  • Ojikpong, T. O.
  • Department Of Agronomy, Faculty Of Agriculture And Forestry Cross River University of Technology, Obubra Campus, P. M. B 1123, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Kekong, M. A.
  • Kekong, M. A.
  • Department Of Agronomy, Faculty Of Agriculture And Forestry Cross River University of Technology, Obubra Campus, P. M. B 1123, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 04 July 2018
  •  Accepted: 25 November 2019
  •  Published: 31 December 2019

Abstract

Organo-mineral nutrient sources are promising soil amendments for sustainable crop production in Nigeria. A field experiment was conducted at the Teaching and Research Farm of the Cross River University of Technology Obubra during the 2016 cropping season. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of nitrogen (N) and amended rice mill waste (RMW) on some soil chemical properties and yield of maize (Zea mays L.). The treatments consisted of 10 kg ha-1 RMW as control and 10 kg ha-1 of RMW amended with 10, 20, 30, 40 or 50 kg N ha-1. The 6 treatments were replicated 3 times under RCBD with each experimental plot size measuring 4 × 3 m. All the treatments including control increased the chemical properties of the soil over the initial soil properties including total N, available P, SOM, pH and the exch. Cations; Ca2+, K+, Mg2+, Na+. RMW + 40 kg N ha-1 and RMW 50 kg N ha-1 produced tallest plants, highest number of leaves per plant and largest leaf area of maize plants.  RMW + 30 kg N ha-1, RMW + 40 kg N ha-1 and RMW + 50 kg N ha-1 produced the highest number of seeds per cob, highest plant dry matter and highest grain yield per unit area of 2.61 and 2.59 t ha-1 respectively in 2016 and 2.63 and 2.62 t ha-1 grain yield in 2017 while the least grain yield was obtained from the control (0.81 and 0.83 t ha-1 respectively for 2016 and 2017). Rice mill waste amended with 30 kg N ha-1 is therefore recommended for optimum economic yield of maize in Obubra Rainforest soil and the improvement of soil chemical properties for sustainability.

Key words: Fortified, rice mill waste, organo-mineral, N-fertilizer, maize, rainforest