Journal of
Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

  • Abbreviation: J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2170
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAERD
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 434

Full Length Research Paper

Transportation inefficiencies in the cocoa value chains in Ivory Coast: Is sustainability possible?

Simeon Human
  • Simeon Human
  • Bern University of Applied Sciences, School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences Zollikofen, Switzerland.
  • Google Scholar
Ingrid Fromm
  • Ingrid Fromm
  • Bern University of Applied Sciences, School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences Zollikofen, Switzerland.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 30 March 2020
  •  Accepted: 15 September 2020
  •  Published: 28 February 2021

Abstract

The purpose of this investigation is to examine transportation inefficiencies and the sustainability of cocoa value chains in Ivory Coast. Problems addressed include unidentified major actors, types of transportation and how it is measured, and lastly, improving efficiency in transportation with respect to society, costs and greenhouse gas emissions. A mixed method methodology is followed in which qualitative and quantitative data are gathered and analysed. Results show that the major actors are planters, cooperative management, exporters, ports, chocolatiers and supermarkets. The main forms of transportation are trucks and motorcycles and are measured using the United Nations criteria for sustainable transportation. The conclusion is that cocoa transportation in Ivory Coast is unsustainable. However, with the correct implementation of policy, financing and technological innovation, there is potential to improve the sustainability of cocoa transportation from farm gate to export harbour.

Key words: Cocoa value chain, Ivory Coast, sustainability, transport.