Agriculture is the main livelihood source for rural population in Ethiopia. However, the sector is blamed for its dismal performance resulted from low level of agricultural technology utilization. To redress this bottleneck, agricultural technology alternatives were promoted to solve the long-term problem of food insecurity. Although the program has supported the introduction and use of different agricultural technologies, whether this strategy has contributed to household food security is not clear. A study was conducted in five districts of North Western Ethiopia with the objective to identify and analyze most relevant agricultural technology alternatives that make rural households resilient to food insecurity and their contribution to food security outcomes. Relevant data was collected from 509 rural households graduated from the food security program using structured questionnaire, supplemented with focus group discussion and key informant interview. Factor analysis and ordinal logistic regression were used to identify relevant variables and their contribution to food security outcomes respectively. The finding of the factor analysis revealed that chemical fertilizer, improved seeds, improved livestock breeds, artificial insemination, organic fertilizer, and veterinary service were found the most important variables build households’ food security resilience, while the result of the regression analysis also revealed that chemical fertilizer, veterinary service, improved livestock breeds, organic fertilizer were found contribute significantly to household food security. And Recommendations include strengthening intensive crop production, and improved veterinary services for intensive livestock production system.
Keywords: Access, Technology, Resilience,Food security