Journal of
Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

  • Abbreviation: J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2170
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAERD
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 442

Article in Press

Effectiveness and limitations of the recently adopted acaricide application methods in tick control on dairy farms in south-western Uganda

Irene Mbatidde1, Andrew Wange Bugenyi, Jemimmah Natuhwera, Gershom Tugume and Halid Kirunda*

  •  Received: 16 June 2021
  •  Accepted: 12 August 2021
In Uganda, control of ticks and tick-borne diseases (TTBDs) largely depends on the use of chemicals applied using different methods. This cross-sectional study assessed 17 factors to determine the effectiveness and limitations in the use of the recently adopted acaricide application methods on dairy cattle farms in south-western Uganda. The average annual morbidity and mortality due to tick-borne diseases were 42.6% and 30.0% for farms using bucket pumps, 9.3% and 4.2% for those using motorised pumps and 3.0% and 1.0% for spray races, respectively. For a 20-year period, the estimated cost of acaricide application for a herd of 80 head of cattle was US$ 71,042, US$ 38,694 and US$ 28,710 when using a bucket pump, spray race and a motorised pump, respectively. Bucket pump method may only be cost-effective on farms of 40 - 112 head of cattle, while a motorised pump was only economical for farms of 35 - 170 cattle and a spray race being a better option at farms of 100 - 600 cattle. Farmers should make the most appropriate choice of acaricide application method to achieve the most effective control of TTBDs.

Keywords: Effectiveness, Acaricide application methods, tick-borne diseases, Uganda.