The national energy balance indicates that traditional fuels (wood, charcoal, agricultural residues and animal waste) meet 94% of the total energy supplied and that the household sector accounts for 90% of the total energy consumed in the country. The vast majority of Ethiopian households depend on the open fire stoves with very poor fuel efficiency. Due to the shortage of firewood in Ethiopian communities, baking injera on open fire is becoming increasingly expensive. Currently, mirte fuel efficient injera baking stove has been produced and promoted to improve the livelihoods of the rural and urban households in the country. The major concern of this study was to identify factors influencing adoption of mirte fuel efficient injera baking stoves: the case of Agarfa district, Oromia region. A three stage random sampling procedure was employed to draw 150 sample households from four sample Kebeles. Descriptive and inferential statistics were employed in the study. Binary logit econometric model was utilized to analyze the factors which influence adoption of mirte FEIBS. The results of the econometric model indicated that, age, education, injera baking experience, and fuel shortage of the household were the important variables and which were found to be significant in relationship with adoption of mirte FEIBS. The overall findings of the study underline the importance of strengthening institutions related to production of affordable, accessible and multipurpose (baking and cooking) stoves, in addition to mirte FEIBS, emphasis on increasing awareness of households to promote the technology. Therefore, policy and development interventions should give emphasis to improve such institutional support system so as to achieve wider adoption of mirte fuel efficient injera baking stove.
Keywords: Adoption, firewood, Injera, fuel efficient stove, open fire stoves, and technology