Journal of
Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

  • Abbreviation: J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2170
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAERD
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 442

Article in Press

Gender Analysis of the Intensity of Pesticide Usage among Cocoa Farmers in Ekiti State, Nigeria

OLOWOYO Olamide Ahmed

  •  Received: 03 September 2016
  •  Accepted: 13 November 2018
The study area was Ekiti State due to her predominance in cocoa production. The study examined the intensity of pesticide usage among male and female cocoa farmers. A total of 240 male and female cocoa farmers were selected in five Local Government Areas of the State through multi stage sampling technique. Data from the survey were analysed with descriptive and appropriate inferential statistics. Results show that male cocoa farmers used higher quantity of pesticides compared to their female counterparts with an average of 14.27Kg a.i/ha and 10.19Kg a.i/ha of pesticide for male and female cocoa farmers respectively. Correlation analysis shows that size of cocoa farm, age and membership of organization were found to have significant relationships with pesticides usage among female cocoa farmers while age and contact with extension agents influenced pesticide usage among male cocoa farmers. There was a significant difference between male and female pesticides usage. It was concluded that Esiom 150SL, Ultimax plus and Round up were the major insecticide, fungicide and herbicide used by male and female cocoa farmers respectively. Provision of gender specific spraying equipment and reinforcement of integrated pest management (IPM) among cocoa farmers was recommended.

Keywords: Pesticides intensity, Gender, Pesticide usage, Cocoa farmers, IPM