Journal of
Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

  • Abbreviation: J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2170
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAERD
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 409

Article in Press

Mapping the severity of utilization constraints of organic farming practices by arable crop farmers in Akwa Ibom state, Nigeria

Ekanem Jemimah Timothy

  •  Received: 05 July 2018
  •  Accepted: 24 July 2018
The study mapped the severity of observed constraints faced by farmers in utilizing organic farming practices in Abak agricultural zone of Akwa Ibom State. It was a survey research that employed simple random sampling technique in the selection of respondents. Constraint to Utilization of Organic Farming Practices Scale, with Test-retest reliability and internal consistency coefficients of 0.63 and 0.78 respectively, was administered on 160 arable Crop farmers in the study area. Collected data were analysed using frequencies, percentages, Means and Multiple regression. More males (66.88%) with Mean age of 40 years participated in the study. 42.50% of the respondents had farming experience of about 20 years. The results on incidence of constraints portrayed that almost all the identified constraints (13 out of 14) had above 0.50 incidences having influence on the practice of organic farming by the respondents. The result indicated that inadequate supporting infrastructure was more severe followed by non-availability of farm inputs, lack of appropriate agricultural policy, special skills and knowledge required and difficulty to apply, in that order. Compositely, all the mutually exclusive constraint groups have negative relationships with the utilization of organic farming practices. Relatively, Institutional constraints contributed most to the reduced utilization of organic farming practices in the study area, followed by production constraints. Others in the corresponding decreasing severity were technological and psychological. Government should look into providing some modern waste processing facilities in the area that will assist the farmers convert the waste from their farms into more durable and useful products. Also, Extension staff and farmers ought to be trained on the use and application of organic manure.

Keywords: Severity, Incidence, Constraints, Organic Farming, Practices, Farmers