The objective of this study was to investigate the extent and perception of contraceptive use among rural women from farming households in Ido local government area of Oyo state, Nigeria. Descriptive statistics were used in profiling the socioeconomic characteristics of respondents, a multinomial logistic model was used to estimate the determinants of contraceptive usage, while the Likert scale type method was used to measure their perception towards the use of contraceptives. A total of 150 rural women were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. The results obtained indicated that while only 27% of the rural women were aware of contraceptives, only 23% of them had actually used them. Cost was the most important consideration among the women for choosing a method as 41% of them stated. Further, among those who had not used any contraception, traditional and religious beliefs were their major considerations. The regression analysis showed formal education to be a significant factor (at ?0.05) that increased the probability of rural women embracing contraception. Perception towards contraception among rural women in Oyo State, Nigeria was seen to be generally positive, although convenience of the methods (mean score 1.49) and side effects (means score 1.35) were considered to be drawbacks. It was recommended that more awareness needed to be created on birth control along with the introduction of more modern methods of contraception with fewer side effects to rural women. It was also recommended that family planning interventions in Nigeria should be made context-specific and culturally appealing so as to increase their acceptability among rural farming communities.
Keywords: Farming households, contraception, perception, Nigeria