Many smallholder farmers produce maize for both consumption and income purposes. Despite the role played by maize, its income is low especially in the developing countries. In order to increase its farm income, it was necessary to have the knowledge on the factors influencing income from maize production. This study therefore determined the socio-economic factors influencing income from maize production. Data were collected from 220 maize farmers using structured questionnaires. Ordinary least squares model was used to determine the factors influencing income from maize. The results showed that the farmers earned a mean of 372,207 Ugandan shillings (105.18 USD) from maize farming. Accordingly, farm size, access to credit and household size had a positive and significant influence on income from maize production while gender (female) of the household heads had a negative and significant relationship with income from maize production. It is based on these results that this study recommended that the government should offer training programs targeting female headed households. These trainings should incorporate farm production as well as marketing. Additionally, farmers should be encouraged to access various sources of agricultural credit including financial institutions that offer agricultural loans at low interest rates.
Keywords: Maize, low income, ordinary least squares, trainings, Uganda