Journal of
Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

  • Abbreviation: J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2170
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAERD
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 409

Article in Press

The Motives and Determinants of Livelihood Diversification? Evidence from Literatures in Rural Part of Ethiopia

Yenesew Sewnet

  •  Received: 28 March 2016
  •  Accepted: 18 August 2018
Livelihood diversification becomes a norm in developing countries including Ethiopia. But, the motives for livelihood diversification vary according to the contexts, local settings and asset possessions of a household. Thus, the main aim of this study intends to assess the motives of rural household’s livelihood diversification in Ethiopia. The discussions were done based on systematically reviewed secondary data on livelihood diversifications. The reviewed literatures indicated that rural households diversify mainly due to the pull and push factors. Population growth, farm fragmentation, the presence of agricultural risks, and declining agricultural productivity are the push factors of diversification. On the other hand proximity to the market, availability of roads, and the existence of comparative advantages are the pull factors. The findings also indicated that although farming (both crop production and livestock rearing) is the major occupation for most households in rural Ethiopia, the income from it is no longer sustaining the household’s livelihood. This is suggesting that any development intervention to improve the livelihood and food security situation of the rural poor need to take agriculture along with the non/off-farm livelihood diversification, without undue preference being given to farming as the unique solution to rural poverty

Keywords: Determinants, Livelihood diversification, motives, Ethiopia