In the region concerning on the status of forest beekeeping production system their is no enough information. The objective of the study was to assess the status of forest beekeeping and related challenge faced by the beekeepers in three district of Benishangul Gumuz. Through systematic random sampling method 167 households were selected and data collected through structured interview schedule. The collected data were analysed through Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS version 23). The result shows as compared to other types of beekeeping forest beekeeping (76%) was still the major types of beekeeping system in the region. This types of beekeeping found in the study area causes huge colony loses in time of honey harvesting and reduce the quality and quantity of honey. The result further indicates the participation of females in beekeeping sector still very low level in the study area (10.2%). Lack of skilled manpower and training institutions, honey bee race aggressiveness and poor awareness about improved beekeeping practice leads the beekeepers to work in the forest area. To decrease forest beekeeping practice further activities must be done by a research centre on reducing honey bee race aggressiveness behaviour. Moreover, by increasing improved beekeeping practice emphasis must be given for women’s and youth to participate in beekeeping activity.
Keywords: Beekeeping practices, Benishangul Gumuz, Forest beekeeping, Traditional hive