Journal of
Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

  • Abbreviation: J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2170
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAERD
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 489


Public discourse on Khat (Catha edulis) production in Ethiopia: Review

Wuletaw Mekuria
  • Wuletaw Mekuria
  • Department of Rural Development and Agricultural Extension, College of Agriculture and Rural Transformation, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 02 August 2018
  •  Accepted: 08 September 2018
  •  Published: 31 October 2018


Admasu S (2017). Productive Capacity and Economic Growth in Ethiopia. CDP Background Paper No. 34 ST/ESA/2017/CDP/34. New York, N.Y. 10017, USA.


Alem A, Kebede D, Kullgren G (1999). The Prevalence and Socio-Demographic Correlates of Khat Chewing in Butajira, Ethiopia. Acta Psychiatrica Scand, 100:84-91


Alemayehu G, Tewodros G (2014). The Chemistry of Khat and Adverse Effects of Khat Chewing. American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering Technology and Sciences 9(1):35-46.


Al-Habeshi N, Skaug N (2005). Khat (Chata adulis): An Updated Review. Addiction Biology 10:299-307.


Andargachew K, Eskindir L, Atklit E (2017). Prevalence of Khat Chewing and Its Effect on Academic Performance in Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia. Africa Health Science 17(1):175-185. 


Anderson D, Carrier N (2011). Khat: Social Harm and Legislation. A Literature Review, University of Oxford.


Asmamaw Z, Worku A, Endalew G, Fentie A (2013). Khat Chewing Practice and Its Perceived Health Effects among Communities of Dera District, Amhara region, Ethiopia. Open Journal of Epidemiology 3160-168.


Asrat A, Demissie M, Mogessie A (2012). Geoheritage Conservation in Ethiopia: The Case of the Simien Mountains. Quaestiones Geographicae 31(1):7-23.


Assefa A, Seid N (2017). Prospects for Harsening Demographic Dividend in Ethiopian Regional States, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


Assefa M (1983). Socio-economic aspects of Khat in the Harrarghe administrative region, Ethiopia. Proceedings of the International Conference on Khat, January 17-21 1983, Antananarivo, Madagascar.


Awell Y, Yerra R, Tadele E, Getu K, Dagim A, Hailekiros G, Tesfamichae G, Yasodha KJ (2016). Socio-Economic and Health Effects of Khat Chewing in Mekelle, Tigray Region, Ethiopia. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Research 8(1):11-22.


Awoke M, Solomon T, Abebaw F (2017). What Constitutes Problematic Khat Use? An Exploratory Mixed Methods Study in Ethiopia. Substance Abuse Treatment Prevention and Policy 12:17.


Balint G, Gebrekidan H, Balint E (1991). Cuthu Edulis, an International Socio-Medical Problem with Considerable Pharmacological Implications. East African medical journal 68:555-561.


Belwal R, Hassen T (2011). Chat exports and the Ethiopian economy: Opportunities, dilemmas and constraints. African Journal of Business Management 5(9):3635-3648.


Berhanu M, Aregash E, Ali M (2014). Socio-Economic Impact of Khat in Mana District, Jimma Zone, South Western Ethiopia. Discourse Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences 2(2):21-32.


Beyene W, Jennifer C, Anders D, Leon B, Tefera B (2017). "Khat Production and Consumption; Its Implication on Land Area Used for Crop Production and Crop Variety Production among Rural Household of Ethiopia." Journal of Food Security 5(4):148-154.


Central Statistics Agency (CSA) (2015). Agricultural Sample survey. Report on Area and Production of Major crops, 2014/2015. Volume I, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


Cochrane L, O'Regan D (2015). Legal Harvest and Illegal Trade: Trends, Challenges and Options in Khat Production in Ethiopia. International Journal of Drug Policy 30:27-34.


Degol H (2007). Should Khat should be banned? The Development Impact. International Poverty Centre, No 40. Caribbean.


Demewoz H, Yihunie L (2015). Khat Chewing Practice and Associated Factors among Adults in Ethiopia: Further Analysis Using the 2011 Demographic and Health Survey. PLoS ONE 10(6):1-11.


Desalegn B, Deribew A, Belayneh K, Gobezie T (2014). Assessment on the Prevalence and Contributing Factors of Social Drugs Utilization among University of Gondar Regular Undergraduate Students, Maraki Campus, 2013. International Journal of Pharma Sciences and Research 5(8):518-530.


Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) (2016). The Demographic Profile of African Countries. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. ISBN: 978-99944-68-06-5.


El-Menyar A, Mekkodathil A, Al-Thani H, Al-Motarreb A (2015). Khat Use: History and Heart Failure. Omna Medical Journal 30(2):7782.


Eshetu M, Habtemairiam K (2001). Evolution of Smallholder Mixed Farming Systems in the Harar Highlands of Ethiopia: The Shift towards Trees and Shrubs Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 18(4):81-112.


Estifanos M, Azale T, Slassie MG, Amogne G, Kefale B (2016). Intention to Stop Khat Chewing and Associated Factors among Khat Chewers in Dessie City, North Eastern Ethiopia. Epidemiology (Sunnyvale) 6:250.


Ewenat G, Yemane B, Alemayehu W (2014). Khat Chewing among Ethiopian University Students: A Growing Concern. BMC, Public Health 14:1198.


Gebissa E (2008). Scourge of Life or an Economic Lifeline? Public Discourses on Khat (Catha edulis) in Ethiopia. Substance Use & Misuse 43:784-802.


Gessesse D (2013). Is Khat a Social Ill? Ethnical Arguments about a Stimulant among the Learned Ethiopians. ASC Working Paper No 108. African Studies Centre Leiden, The Netherlands.


Gessesse D (2015). Land and Water for Drugs, Cash for Food: Khat Production and Food Security in Ethiopia.


Gessesse D, Kinlund P (2008). Khat Expansion and Forest Decline in Wndo Genet, Ethiopia. Geografiska Annaler: Series B, Human Geography 90(2):187-203.


Hurni H, Berhe WA, Chadhokar P, Daniel D, Gete Z, Grunder M, Kassaye G (2016). Soil and Water Conservation in Ethiopia: Guidelines for Development Agents. Second revised edition. Bern, Switzerland: Centre for Development and Environment (CDE). University of Bern, with Bern Open Publishing (BOP) P 134.


Kandari L, Yadav H, Thakur A, Kandari T (2014). Chat (Catha edulis): a socio economic crop in Harar Region, Eastern Ethiopia. Springer Plus 3(1):579.


Kassim S, Dalsania A, Nordgren J, Klein A, Hulbert J (2015). Before the Ban-an Exploratory Study of a Local Khat Market in East London, UK. Harm Deduction Journal 12:19.


Numan N (2012). The Green Leaf: Khat. World Journal of Medical Sciences 7(4):210-223.


Saeed A (1987). Catha Edulis (Khat), A Sex Depressant, Euphoriant In history. Ancient Science of Life 7(1):45-48.


Taye H, Aune J (2003). Khat Expansion in the Ethiopian Highlands: Effects on the Farming System in Habro District. Mountain Research and Development 23(2):185-189.


Tilahun A, Daniel T, Adorjan K, Mubarek A (2017). Prevalence, Withdrawal Symptoms and Associated Factors of Khat Chewing among Students at Jimma University in Ethiopia. BMC Psychiatry 17:142. Wild Frontier (2014). Dallol Depression and Highlands of Tigray, Ethiopia.


Yigzaw K (2002). Cigarette Smoking and Khat Chewing among University Instructors in Ethiopia. East African Medical Journal, 79(5):274-278.strict


Yusuf B (2011). The Health Risk of Khta and Influences and It has on Integrations of Issues. MSc Thesis in Public Health Sciences, Malardalen University Sweden.