Journal of
AIDS and HIV Research

  • Abbreviation: J. AIDS HIV Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2359
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAHR
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 283

Full Length Research Paper

Trends in knowledge, risk behaviour, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) symptoms and associated factors among truckers and helpers in South India over a 12-year span

Bimal Charles
  • Bimal Charles
  • AIDS Prevention and Control Project, Voluntary Health Services, Adyar, Chennai-600113, India.
  • Google Scholar
Lakshmanan Jeyaseelan
  • Lakshmanan Jeyaseelan
  • Department of Bio-Statistics, Christian Medical College Hospital, Vellore, India.
  • Google Scholar
Arvind Kumar Pandian
  • Arvind Kumar Pandian
  • United States Agency for International Development (USAID), New Delhi, India.
  • Google Scholar
Asirvatham Edwin Sam
  • Asirvatham Edwin Sam
  • AIDS Prevention and Control Project, Voluntary Health Services, Adyar, Chennai-600113, India.
  • Google Scholar
Mani Thenmozhi
  • Mani Thenmozhi
  • Department of Bio-Statistics, Christian Medical College Hospital, Vellore, India.
  • Google Scholar
Visalakshi Jeyaseelan
  • Visalakshi Jeyaseelan
  • Department of Bio-Statistics, Christian Medical College Hospital, Vellore, India.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Accepted: 02 August 2012
  •  Published: 31 August 2012

Abstract

Prevalence of Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among truckers and helpers (TH) is 10 times higher than in the general population. TH are more likely to engage in high-risk sexual behaviour that makes them vulnerable to sexually transmitted infections (STI) and HIV. This paper aims to comprehend the trends in knowledge, risk behaviours, reported STIs and associated factors among TH over 12 years. Data from 12 rounds of Behavioural Surveillance Surveys (BSS) conducted since 1997 were used. A sample of 800 TH in the ratio of 70:30 was included from 5 districts of Tamil Nadu in all the 12 rounds. A structured interview schedule was used to collect data. The surveys indicated a higher knowledge level, but reported a lower level of knowledge without misconception. Sex with paid partners increased from 26.5 to 45.1%. But, other factors such as decreasing number of paid partners (from an average of 8 to 4), increasing consistent condom use (CCU) (44.8 to 85.6%), and treatment seeking behaviour indicate positive protective trends. Low level of knowledge without misconception and self-risk perception are prime concerns. As TH are potential and vulnerable bridge population, it is vital to have intensive HIV and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) interventions among them.

 

Key words: Sexual risk behaviour, condom usage, human immunodeficiency virus infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), sexually transmitted infections