Journal of
AIDS and HIV Research

  • Abbreviation: J. AIDS HIV Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2359
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAHR
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 299

Full Length Research Paper

Risk for developing tuberculosis among intravenous drug users with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection

Nimesh Poudyal
  • Nimesh Poudyal
  • Department of Microbiology, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.
  • Google Scholar
Narayan Gyawali*
  • Narayan Gyawali*
  • Department of Microbiology, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal. School of Medical & Applied Sciences, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, Australia.
  • Google Scholar
Hari Prasad Nepal
  • Hari Prasad Nepal
  • Department of Microbiology, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal. Department of Microbiology, Chitwan Medical College Teaching Hospital, Bharatpur, Nepal.
  • Google Scholar
Rajendra Gurung
  • Rajendra Gurung
  • Department of Microbiology, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.
  • Google Scholar
Sabitri Pandey
  • Sabitri Pandey
  • Department of Operation Theatre, Grande International Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Google Scholar
Ritu Amatya
  • Ritu Amatya
  • Department of Microbiology, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal. Department of Microbiology, Nepal Medical College, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Google Scholar
Suraj Timilsina
  • Suraj Timilsina
  • Department of Microbiology, Nepal Medical College, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Google Scholar
Shyamal K. Bhattacharya
  • Shyamal K. Bhattacharya
  • Department of Microbiology, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 03 August 2012
  •  Accepted: 16 June 2014
  •  Published: 30 June 2014

References

Brassard P, Bruneau J, Schwartzman K, Senecal M, Menzies D (2004). Yield of tuberculin screening among injection drug users. Int. J. Tuberc. Lung Dis. 8(8):988-93.

Pubmed

 
Cain KP, McCarthy KD, Heilig CM, Monkongdee P, Tasaneeyapan T, Kanara N, Kimerling ME, Chheng P, Thai S, Sar B, Phanuphak N, Nguyen HD, Hoang TQ, Le HT, Varma JK (2010). An algorithm for tuberculosis screening and diagnosis in people with HIV.N Engl J Med. 362(8):707-716.
Crossref
 
Cao G, Zhi Y (2006). An analysis of the screening results of tuberculosis in patients with HIV/AIDS. Disease Surveillance 21:400-402.
 
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2005). Screening HIV infected persons for tuberculosis-Cambodia, January 2004–February 2005. MMWR 54:1177-1180
Pubmed
 
Corbett EL, Watt CJ, Walker N, Maher D, Williams BG, Raviglione MC, Dye C (2003). The growing burden of tuberculosis: global trends and interactions with the HIV epidemic. Arch. Intern. Med. 163(9):1009-1021.
Crossref
 
Deiss RG, Rodwell TC, Garfein RS (2009). Tuberculosis and Illicit Drug Use: Review and Update. Clin. Infect. Dis. 48(1):72-82.
Crossref
 
Dhungana GP, Ghimire P, Sharma S, Rijal BP (2008). Tuberculosis co-infection in HIV infected persons of Kathmandu. Nepal Med. Coll. J. 10(2):96-9.
 
Friedman H, Newton C, Klein TW (2003). Microbial infections, immunomodulation, and drugs of abuse. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 16(2):209-19.
Crossref
 
Gao L, Zhou F, Li X, Jin Q (2010). HIV/TB Co-Infection in Mainland China: A Meta-Analysis. PLoS One 5(5):e10736.
Crossref
 
Getahun H, Gunneberg C, Granich R, Nunn P (2010). HIV infection–associated tuberculosis: the epidemiology and the response. Clin. Infect. Dis. 50(Suppl 3):201-207.
Crossref
 
Ghimire P, Dhungana GR, Bam DS, Rijal BP (2004). Tuberculosis and HIV co-infection status in United Mission Hospital, Tansen, Western Nepal. SAARC J. Tuberc. Lung Dis. HIV/AIDS. 1:32-37.
 
Glynn JR (1998). Resurgence of tuberculosis and the impact of HIV infection. Br. Med. Bull. 54(3):579-93.
Crossref
 
Grimes CZ, Hwang LY, Williams ML, Austin CM, Graviss EA (2007). Tuberculosis infection in drug users: interferon-gamma release assay performance. Int. J. Tuberc. Lung Dis. 11(11):1183-9.
Pubmed
 
Guelar A, Gatell JM, Verdejo J, Podzamczer D, Lozano L, Anzar E, Miro JM, mallolas J, Zamora L, Gonzalez J (1993). A prospective study of the risk of tuberculosis among HIV infected patients. AIDS 7(10):1345-1349.
Crossref
 
Gyawali N, Gurung R, Poudyal N, Amatya R, Shrestha R, Khanal LK, Timilsina S, Bhattacharya SK (2013). Tobacco and alcohol: the relation to pulmonary tuberculosis in household contacts. Nepal Med. Coll. J. 15(2):125-128.
Pubmed
 
Lawn SD, Brooks SV, Kranzer K, Nicol MP, Whitelaw A, Vogt M, Bekker LG, Wood R (2011). Screening for HIV-associated tuberculosis and rifampicin resistance before antiretroviral therapy using the expert MTB/RIF Assay: A prospective Study. PLoS Med. 8(7):e1001067
Crossref
 
Selwyn PA, Hartel D, Lewis VA, Schoenbaum EE, Vermund SH, Klein RS, Walker AT, Friedland GH (1989). A prospective study of the risk of tuberculosis among intravenous drug users with human immunodeficiency virus infection. N. Engl. J. Med. 320(9):545-50.
Crossref
 
Sharma S, Dhungana GP, Pokhrel BM, Rijal BP (2010). Opportunistic infections in relation to CD4 level among HIV seropositive patients from central Nepal. Nepal Med. Coll. J. 12(1):1-4.
Pubmed
 
 
Vermund SH, Yamamoto N (2007). Co-infection with human immunodeficiency virus and tuberculosis in Asia. Tuberculosis (Edinb) (87 Suppl)1:18-25.
Crossref
 
Wang X, Liu F, Dong B (2007). Study on the detection rate of double infection among patients with AIDS and TB and its influencing factors. Mod. Prev. Med. 34:4457-4459.
 
Wei G, Moss J, Yuan CS (2003). Opioid-induced immunosuppression: is it centrally mediated or peripherally mediated? Biochem Pharmacol. 65(11):1761-1766.
Crossref
 
WHO Regional Strategic Plan on HIV/TB SEA/TB/261. SEA/AIDS/140 (2003). WHO regional office for South East Asia, October 2003.
 
World Health Organization (WHO) (2009). Global tuberculosis control: surveillance, planning, financing. WHO report 2009, Geneva.
 
World Health Organization (WHO) (1998). Laboratory services in tuberculosis control. WHO/TB98.258. Geneva.
 
Yu L, Wang L, Tang Z, Huang S, Meng Z (2009). The diagnosis and investigation of active tuberculosis HIV/AIDS patients. Chin. J. Lab. Med. 32:377-382.