Journal of
AIDS and HIV Research

  • Abbreviation: J. AIDS HIV Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2359
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAHR
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 283

Full Length Research Paper

Why do patients refuse antiretroviral therapy before they complete tuberculosis treatment?: A qualitative enquiry

Mokwena Kebogile
  • Mokwena Kebogile
  • Department of Social and Behavioural Health Sciences, Medunsa Campus, University of Limpopo, South Africa.
  • Google Scholar
Phiri Elias
  • Phiri Elias
  • Department of Social and Behavioural Health Sciences, Medunsa Campus, University of Limpopo, South Africa.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Accepted: 18 January 2014
  •  Published: 28 February 2014


Akksilp S, Karnkawinpong O, Wattanaamornkiat W, Viriyakitja D, Monkongdee P, Sitti W, Rienthong D, Siraprapasiri T, Wells CD, Tappero JW, Varma JK (2007). Antiretroviral therapy during tuberculosis treatment and marked reduction in death rate of HIV-infected patients, Thailand. Emerg. Infect. Dis. J. 13(7):1001-1007
Barnabas RV, Webb EL, WeissHA, Wasserheit JN (2011). The role of co-infections in HIV epidemic trajectory and positive prevention: a systematic review and meta-analysis. AIDS 25(13):1559-1573
Hesseling AC, Cotton MF, Jennings T, Whitelaw A, Johnson LF, Eley B, Roux P, Godfrey-Faussett P, Schaaf HS (2009). High incidence of tuberculosis among HIV-infected infants: evidence from a South African population-based study highlights the need for improved tuberculosis control strategies. Clin. Infect. Dis. 48(1):108-114
Karim SSA, Naidoo K, Grobler A, Padayatchi N, Baxter C, Gray A, Gengiah T, Nair G, Bamber S, Singh AS, Khan M, Pienaar J, El-Sadr W, Friedland G, Karim QAA (2010). Timing of initiation of antiretroviral drugs during tuberculosis therapy. N Engl. J. Med. 362(8):697–706.
Mah TL, Halperin DT (2010). Concurrent sexual partnerships and the HIV epidemics in Africa: evidence to move forward. AIDS Behav. 14(1):11-16.
Sanguanwongse N, Cain KP, Suriya P, Nateniyom S, Yamada N, Wattanaamornkiat W, Sumnapan S, Sattayawuthipong W, Kaewsa-Ard S, Ingkaseth S, Varma JK. (2008). Antiretroviral therapy for HIV-infected tuberculosis patients saves lives but needs to be used more frequently in Thailand. J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr. 48(2):181–189.

The Kingdom of Swaziland, Pigg's Peak Government Hospital, TB Clinic; Quarterly reports, 01/10/2009 – 31/12/2009 and 01/01/2010 – 31/03/2010.


WHO, UNODC (2009). Technical Guide for countries to set targets for universal access to HIV prevention, treatment and care for injecting drug users.
Zachariah R, Harries AD, Manzi M, Gomani P, Teck R, Phillips M, Firmenich P (2007). Acceptance of anti-retroviral therapy among patients infected with HIV and tuberculosis in rural Malawi is low and associated with cost of transport. PloS one 1(1):e121.