Journal of
African Studies and Development

  • Abbreviation: J. Afr. Stud. Dev
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2189
  • DOI: 10.5897/JASD
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 213

Full Length Research Paper

Effects of the COVID-19 lockdown on the livelihood and food security of street food vendors and consumers in Nigeria

Majing Oloko
  • Majing Oloko
  • School of Environment and Sustainability, University of Saskatchewan. Saskatchewan, Canada.
  • Google Scholar
Regina Ekpo
  • Regina Ekpo
  • Department of Geography, Faculty of Physical Sciences, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna. Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 17 September 2021
  •  Accepted: 08 November 2021
  •  Published: 18 November 2021

Abstract

Nigeria's local food economy was affected by state-imposed restrictions to curb the spread of COVID-19 in communities. Street food vendors and consumers are among local food system actors impacted by such restrictions because their livelihood and food security are contingent on daily operations on the street. Informed by a descriptive qualitative approach, we interviewed 31 street food vendors and consumers who shared their experiences on how the lockdown impacted them. Vendors reported various impacts, including losing income, customers, customer trust, and social connection. Street food consumers reported difficulties meeting their food needs and developing multiple coping strategies, including cutting back on fruit and vegetable consumption and food sharing. Both vendors and consumers would like to see measures put in place to allow them to operate safely in a future lockdown event. This study is timely as the country strives to balance human and economic health amid the pandemic. 

 

Key words: Street food vendors and consumers, livelihood, food security, COVID-19, Nigeria.