Journal of
African Studies and Development

  • Abbreviation: J. Afr. Stud. Dev
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2189
  • DOI: 10.5897/JASD
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 229

Article in Press

Environmental factors and geriatric abuse in Ibadan, Nigeria

Kester K. O.* and Ayantunji M. M.

  •  Received: 04 May 2017
  •  Accepted: 08 August 2017
The growth in the numbers of aged people has brought an increase in the range and intensity of their vulnerability and exposure to maltreatment and abuse which are associated with increased violation of human rights, health problems and mortality. This study, therefore, examined the environmental factors (westernisation, cultural belief and social support policy) on geriatric (aged) abuse in Ibadan. The study adopted the descriptive survey design and the 1978 world health organization (WHO, 2002; 2013) ‘30 by 7’ cluster sampling technique in selecting 1,244 aged persons from six local government areas in Ibadan. The Environmental Factors Questionnaire with three sub-scales (cultural belief (r=0.81); westernisation (r=0.79) and social support policy(r=0.75), and Geriatric (aged) Abuse (r=0.83)) scales were used for the data collection. These were complemented with qualitative techniques of Life-story and in-depth interview sessions with the aged. Quantitative data were subjected to multiple regression analysis at 0.05 level of significance, while content analysis was used for the qualitative data. Environmental factors jointly predict geriatric (aged) abuse among the Yoruba people (F16, 1243=1285.59; R= 0.97); accounting for 94.3% of its variance. Cultural beliefs (β=0.24), Westernisation (β=-0.16), and social support policy (β=-0.10) factors had relative contributions to geriatric (aged) abuse. Succinctly, eroded culture, weak social support system, exposure to western culture contributed to geriatric (aged) abuses in Ibadan. There is the need for value orientation, strong social support and prosecution of geriatric (aged) abusers.

Keywords: Geriatric (aged) abuse, environmental factors, Yoruba people, Ibadan.