The main objective of the article is to examine the forces that shaped the behaviour of the actors in the local economic development implementation process in the Accra Metropolitan, Keta Municipal and Shai-Osudoku District Assemblies. Using qualitative data from multiple sources combined with multiple case studies, the study found that the three Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies implemented somewhat different LED strategies with multiple actors’ involvement. Lack of due diligence, weak and lack of institutional independence, absence of political leadership commitment, and political expediency negatively impacted LED implementation in the Accra Metropolitan and Keta Municipal Assemblies while Shai-Osudoku District Assembly had smooth local economic development implementation. Dynamics such as the land tenure system, micro and macro politics, administrative and institutional procedures, and political leadership shaped the behaviour of the actors in the three assemblies. Based on these, the study recommends that politician should desist from interfering in LED issues; governments should consider the interests of local government units’ development needs in introducing local economic development interventions and broad consultations should be done before initiating local economic development initiatives.
Keywords: Actors, local economic development, LED interventions, Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies