Journal of
African Studies and Development

  • Abbreviation: J. Afr. Stud. Dev
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2189
  • DOI: 10.5897/JASD
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 229

Full Length Research Paper

Security implications of oil exploration on social activities in South Lokichar Basin, Turkana County, Kenya

Cosmas Ekwom Kamais
  • Cosmas Ekwom Kamais
  • Department of Peace, Security and Social Studies, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Egerton University, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Samson Wokabi Mwangi
  • Samson Wokabi Mwangi
  • Department of Peace, Security and Social Studies, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Egerton University, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Eric Kiprono Bor
  • Eric Kiprono Bor
  • Department of Peace, Security and Social Studies, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Egerton University, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 25 June 2019
  •  Accepted: 26 July 2019
  •  Published: 31 July 2019


Akyeampong E (2008). Sexuality and Prostitution among the Akan of the Gold Coast c. 1650-1950. Past and Present 156:144-173.


MacNeish JA (2010). Rethinking resource conflict. Background Paper. World Development report 2011.


Auty RM (1993). Sustaining Development in Mineral Economies: The Resource Curse Thesis. London: Routledge.


BBC (2014). Oil spill damage worsens. 

View. Accessed: 18/3/2017.


Bloomfield S (2008). The Niger Delta: The Curse of Black Gold: The Independent News. 


Boonstra J, Burke E, Richard Y (2008). The Politics of Energy: Comparing Azerbaijan, Nigeria and Saudi Arabia. FRIDE 68 Working Paper.


Bush R (2008). Natural Resources and Conflict in Africa. African Review Report on Mining - Sustainable Development.


Collier P (2007). The Bottom Billion: Why the Poorest Countries are failing and what can be done about it. Oxford: Oxford University Press.


Collier P, Hoeffler A, Söderbom M (2008). Post-Conflict Risks. Journal of Peace Research 45(4):461-478.


Dadiowei T (2003). Environmental Impact Assessment and Sustainable Development in the Niger Delta: The Gbarani Oil Field Experience. Niger Delta: Economies of Violence Working Paper No. 24, Berkeley, Washington DC and Port Harcourt: Institute of International Studies, The United States Institute of Peace and Our Niger Delta.


Dean T, Brown R (2009). Exploring the Meaning of Participation of Community at Project: A Case Study in Seeming Project. Journal of Community and Applied Studies 19(8):709-728.


Ericsson S (2008). The management and control of explorations projects. New York: McGraw-Hill.


Fearon JD (2010). Ethnicity, Insurgency and Civil War. American Political Science Review 97(1):75-90.


Garvin DA (2009). "Quality problems, policies, and attitudes towards marginalized groups in the United States and Japan: An exploratory study. Academy of Management Journal 25(2):97-105.


Gary I (2009). Ghana's Big Test: Oil's Challenge to Democratic Development. Oxfam America and Integrated Social Development Centre.


Government of Kenya (2009). National Museums and Heritage Act 2009. 


Gulati R, Lavie D, Singh H (2010). The nature of partnering experience and the gains from alliances to social organizations. Strategic Management Journal 30(11):1213-1233.


Gumede W (2008). Angola: Blood Oil and Western Hypocrisy. Nigeria Security Update. 


Idemudia U (2010). Rethinking the role of corporate social responsibility in the Nigerian oil Conflict: The limits of CSR. Journal of International Development 22:833-845.


International Crisis Group (2008). Oil and Gas Exploration Companies in Kenya. African Report No. 137. Retrieved from 

View on April 18th, 2017.


Imana DK, Mmbaili OS (2016). Envisioning Incentives for Community Participation in Natural Resources Management: A Case Study of Northwest Kenya. Journal of Community Positive Practices 16(1):3-18.


Jacob J (2004). Measuring Success in Communities: Understanding the Community Capital. International Journal of Community Development and Research Volume 8.


Johannes EM, Zulu LC, Kalipeni E (2015). Oil Discovery in Turkana County, Kenya: A Source of Conflict or Development? African Geographical Review 34(2):142-164.


Kumar R (2014). Research Methodology. A step-by-step Guide for Beginners(4th ed). London: Sage Publishers.


Obi CI (2009). The Changing Forms of Identity Politics in Nigeria under Economic Adjustment: The Case of the Oil Minorities Movement of the Niger Delta. Uppsala: Nordic Africa Institute.


Ross ML (2013). The Politics of the Resource Curse: A review. World Politics 53:325-361.


Schlee JS (2014). Petroleum (Drilling and Production) Regulations. Kenya Constitution. L.N. 69 of 2010.


Turkana Baseline Report (2015). Oil Exploration in Kenya: Success Requires Consultation. Cordaid.


Turkana County Government (2015). Natural Resources Mapping and Context Analysis. Final Report. Retrieved from 

View on March 5th, 2017.


United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (2011). Nigerian Human Development Report. United Nations Development Programme. Lagos: UNDP.


UNCTAD (2007). 'Globalization for Development: Opportunities and Challenges'. Report of the Secretary-General of UNCTAD to UNCTAD XII, Geneva, United Nations.


UNEP (2009). From Conflict to Peacebuilding; The Role of Natural Resources and Environment'. UNEP.


World Bank (2009). World development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography. World Bank.