Journal of
Accounting and Taxation

  • Abbreviation: J. Account. Taxation
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6664
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAT
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 117

Review

Taxes, tax payers and collectors-pre and post Menelik: Harari experience

Abdulmalik Abubaker
  • Abdulmalik Abubaker
  • University of Alabama, U.S.A.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 08 February 2016
  •  Accepted: 20 April 2016
  •  Published: 31 March 2017

References

Abbas A (1992). A Historical study of the City-State of Harar, (1795-1875) Master Thesis, Addis Ababa University, History Department.

 

Abdi-Khalil E (2007). Harar Jugal, Historical Quality to Treasure, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia, Dire Printing Sh. Co.

 
 

Abir M (1968). Ethiopia: Era of Princes. London: Longmans, Green and Co. Ltd.

 
 

Ahmed HO (2001). 'Some notes on Harar and the local trade routes: A Report on the view of ex-merchants of Shäwa (1839-1935)'. Annales d'Ethiopie, 17:41-149.

 
 

Ahmed Z (1991). Harari coins, preliminary survey. J. Ethiopian Stud. 24:23-45.

 
 

Ahmed Z (1997). 'Some notes on the account-book of Amir Abd Al-Shakur B. Yusuf (1783-1794) of Harar' Sudanic Africa, 8:17-36.

 
 

Amare G Krikorian A (Oct-Dec.1973) 'Coffee's rival from Harar, Ethiopia. I. Botany and Use," Economy Botany', 27(4):353-377.
Crossref

 
 

Atrostic B, James R (1991). Measuring Tax Burden: A Historical Perspective, University of Chicago Press.

 
 

Barker WC (1842). Extract report on the probable geographical position of Harrar; with some information relative to the various tribes in the vicinity. J. Royal Geographical Soc. London, 12:238-244.
Crossref

 
 

Burton R (1966). First Footsteps in East Africa, (New York)

 
 

Caulk R (1997). 'Harar Town and its neighbors in the Nineteenth Century.' J. Afr. Hist. 18(3):369-386.
Crossref

 
 

Nicholl C (1997). Somebody Else, Arthur Rimbaud in Africa, 1880-91, Jonathan Cape London.

 
 

Vo Van D (2007). Harar a Cultural Guide, (Trans. Daniel Afewerk) Royal Printing Press, (UAE)

 
 

Freudenberg B, Nathie M (2011). The constitution and Islam: Are Tax reforms possible to facilitate Islamic Finance? Revenue Law J. 20:1-5.

 
 

Geoffrey H (1935). Abyssinian Adventure, Hutchinson & CO. Publishers Ltd.

 
 

Harris W (1844). The Highland of Ethiopia, Vol. I, London: Longmans.
Crossref

 
 

Herbert W (1900). 'A Journey through Abyssinia to the Nile,' Geo. J 15(2).

 
 

Hussein A (2010). Harar-Wallo relations revisited: Historical, religious and cultural dimensions, Afr. Monographs, Suppl. 41:111-117.

 
 

Jan BS, Dawit Y (2010). 'Building a "City of peace" through inter-communal association, Muslim-Christian Relations in Harar, Ethiopia, 1887-2009. J. Religion, Conflict and Peace 4(1).

 
 

Muhammad H (1980). 'Menelik's conquest of Harar, 1887, and its effect on the political organization of the surrounding Oromo up to 1900', in D.L. Donham and W. James (eds.), Working papers on society and history in imperial Ethiopia. The Southern periphery from 1880-1974, Cambridge, Afr. Stud. Center: pp. 227-246.

 
 

Murray N (2002). A History of Money and Banking in the United States, the Colonial Era to World War I. Alabama: Ludwig von Mises Institute.

 
 

Nafik HRM, Widiastuti T (2012). Comparison between the modern and Islamic concepts of taxation, a paper presented on the 2012 International Conference on Business and Management, held 6-7 September 2012, Phuket, Thailand.

 
 

Oscar N (October, 1902) 'From the Somali Coast through Southern Ethiopia to Sudan,' Geo. J. 20(4).

 
 

Pankhurst R (1965). The History of currency and banking in Ethiopia and Horn of Africa, from the middle ages to 1935, Ethiopian Observer, 8(4).

 
 

Pankhurst R (1968). Economic History of Ethiopia, (1800-1935). Haile Sellassie I University Press.

 
 

Pankhurst R (1968). Harar under the Egyptian rule, Ethiopian Observer, 2(2):56-59.

 
 

Potts RB (2009)."Human evolution." Microsoft® Encarta® [DVD]. Redmond, WA Microsoft Corporation, 2008.

 
 

Seifu M (1974). Sixteen letters of Ras Makonen and his sons to Haji Ahmed Abogn of Harar, J. Ethiopian Stud. 12 (2):170-200.

 
 

Stitz V (1975). 'Arabic town records and the economic and population history of Harar during the 19th Century" A paper prepared for the Conference on Harari studies organized by the Historical Society of Ethiopia.

 
 

Teshale T (1995). The Making of Modern Ethiopia 1896-1974. Addis Ababa: The Red Sea Press Inc.

 
 

Wagner E (1974). 'Three Arabic documents on the history of Harar', J. Ethiopian Stud. Addis Ababa, 12 (1):213-224.

 
 

Waldron R (1984). The political economy of Harari-Oromo relations, 1559-1874, North-East African Studies.

 
 

Wood H (1936). 'The Coinage of Ethiopia,' The Coinage Collection Journal, New York.

 
 

Yusuf A (1960). 'An inquiry into some aspects of the economy of Harar and the records of the household economy of the Amirs of Harar (1825-1875)' Ethnological Soc. Bull. 2(10):375-420.

 

.