Today, tuberculosis is still one of the major public health problems in many places in the world especially in Africa and Asia. The aim of the study was to determine the experiences and barriers in tuberculosis directly observed Treatment Short course implementation in Northern and Muchinga provinces of Zambia. The sample was composed of data from 12 districts of Northern and Muchinga provinces. Two tools were utilised in this study: A structured interview questionnaire to collect data about experiences and barriers in tuberculosis dots implementation; and an observational checklist for assessing dots implementation. Results revealed that significant experiences and barriers were highlighted. This study concluded that 8/12 districts had a minimum count of 0.04 of all the 23 variables meaning they had more barriers and experiences than the 4/12 districts which were above the significant level. The study recommended that barriers like long distance to drug collecting points, inadequate transport; inadequate TB corner nurses, treatment supporters, drug stock outs and poor referral system especially in international borders in adequate funds and HIV/AIDS co infection, reduced notifications, be improved in order to achieve the 2015 MDG because of the many barriers to Directly observed Treatment Short course.
Keywords: Directly Observed Treatment Short (DOTS), experience, barriers, tuberculosis