Journal of
Cell and Animal Biology

  • Abbreviation: J. Cell Anim. Biol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0867
  • DOI: 10.5897/JCAB
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 261


Review on breeding objectives and practices of dairy cattle production in Ethiopia

Afras Abera Alilo
  • Afras Abera Alilo
  • Department of Animal Sciences, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, University of Jimma, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 11 May 2011
  •  Accepted: 10 December 2018
  •  Published: 31 January 2019


Adebabay K (2009). Characterization of Milk Production Systems, Marketing and On-Farm Evaluation of the Effect of Feed Supplementation on Milk Yield and Milk Composition of Cowsat Bure District, Ethiopia. Thesis, Bahir dar University.


Addisu B, Hegde BP (1999). Evaluation of reproductive and growth performance of Fogera cattle and their F1-Friesian crosses at Metekel Ranch, Ethiopia (Doctoral dissertation, MSc Thesis, Alemaya University, Alemaya, Ethiopia).


Amin MR, Habib MA, Bhuiyan AK (2013). Reproductive Potential of Red Chittagong cattle in Bangladesh. Journal of Tropical Resources and Sustainable Science 1(10):71-86.


Asefa G, Mussie H, Mengistu T, Zewude W, Assau T (2015). A Survey on Breeding Practice, and Productive Performance of Simada Cattle in Tach Gayint District, Ethiopia.


Asheber S (1992). Evaluation of reproductive performance and pre weaning growth performance of Fogera cattle and their F1 crosses at Andassa cattle breeding Ranch. MSc. thesis, Alemaya University of Agriculture, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia P 47.


Asrat A, Yilma Z, Ajebu N (2013). Characterization of milk production systems in and around Boditti, South Ethiopia. Development 25(10).


Assaminew S, Ashenafi M (2015). Feed formulation and feeding impact on the performance of dairy cows in Central Highland of Ethiopia. Livestock Research for Rural Development 27(4).


Assemu T (2015). Estimation of Genetic and Non-genetic parameter for growth and reproductive performance traits and designing conservation strategies for Fogera cattle Breed. MSc. Thesis, Bahir Dar university, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia P 100.


Azage T, Gebremedhin B, Hoekstra D (2010). Livestock input supply and service provision in Ethiopia: Challenges and opportunities for market-oriented development. 



Azage T, Aynalem H, Workneh A, Noah K, Tadelle D (2011). Breeding strategy to improve Ethiopian Boran cattle for meat and milk Improving Productivity and Market Success of Ethiopian Farmers project (IPMS)–International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


Azage T, Gebremedhin B, Hoekstra D, Belay B, Mekasha Y (2013). Smallholder dairy production and marketing systems in Ethiopia: IPMS experiences and opportunities for market-oriented development. 



Azage T, Tsehay R, Alemu G, Hizkias H (2000). Milk recording and herd registration in Ethiopia. In Proceedings of the 8th Annual Conference of the Ethiopian Society of Animal Production (ESAP), Addis Ababa pp. 90-104.


Ball PJH, Peters AR (2004). Reproduction in Cattle. Third edition, Fibiol. pp. 1-13.


Bebe BO, Udo HMJ, Rowlands GJ, Thorpe W (2003). Smallholder dairy systems in the Kenya highlands: cattle population dynamics under increasing intensification. Livestock Production Science 82(2–3):211-221


Belay D, Azage T, Hegde BP (2012a). Smallholder Livestock Production System in Dandi District, Oromia Regional State, Central Ethiopia. College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, P. O. Box, 307.


Belay D, Yiseha K, Janssens GPJ (2012b). Productive and Reproductive Performance of Zebu X HolsteinFriesian Crossbred Dairy Cows in Jimma Town, Oromia, Ethiopia,Department of Animal Science, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia, Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Ghent University.


Central Statistical Agency (CSA) (2016/17). Agricultural sample survey, federal democratic republic of Ethiopia report on livestock and livestock characteristics. 



Central Statistical Agency (CSA) (2013). The National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).


Desta KB (2002). Analyses of Dairy Cattle Breeding Practices in Selected Areas of Ethiopia. PhD thesis. Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany 37:247-252.


Desalegn G (2008). Assessment of problems/constraints associated with artificial insemination service in Ethiopia. MSc Thesis, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.


Duressa D, Kenea D, Keba W, Desta Z, Berki G, Leta G, Tolera A (2014). Assessment of livestock production system and feed resources availability in three villages of Diga district Ethiopia.


Fikrie L, Merga B, Gustafsson H, Kindahl H (2007). Longitudinal observation on reproductive and lactation performances of smallholder crossbred dairy cattle in Fitche, Oromia region, central Ethiopia. Tropical Animal Health and Production 39:395-403.


Gebrekidan T, Zeleke M, Gangwar SK (2012). Reproductive and productive performance of dairy cattle in central zone of Tigray, northern Ethiopia. International Journal homepage. 



Geberemedhin D (2005). All in one: A Practical Guide To Dairy Farming. Agri-Service Ethiopia Printing Unit, Addis Ababa pp.15-21.


Gebremichael D (2015). Breeding practice and estrus synchronization evaluation of dairy cattle in central Zone of Tigray, northern Ethiopia (Doctoral dissertation, Jimma University).


Giday Y (2001). Assessment of calf crop productivity and total herd life of Fogera cows at Andassa ranch in North -western Ethiopia. MSc Thesis, Alemaya University, Alemaya, Ethiopia.


Gillah KA, Kifaro GC, Madsen J (2012). Urban and peri urban dairy farming in East Africa: A review on production levels, constraints and opportunities. Livestock Research for Rural Development 24(11):198.


Godadaw M, Zewdu W, Workneh A (2015). Breeding practices in indigenous dairy cattle breeds in Northern Amhara, Ethiopia. Livestock Research for Rural Development 26(62).


Holm DE, Thompson PN, Irons PC (2008). The economic effects of an estrus synchronization protocol using prostaglandin in beef heifers. Theriogenology 70:1507-1515.


Institute of Biodiversity Conservation (IBC) (2004). State of Ethiopia's Animal Genetic Resources. 



Integrated Livestock Development Project (ILDP) (2004). Study report on dairy marketing and mini-dairy in Gonder (Draft Report), North Gonder 35 p.


Kedija H (2007). Characterization of milk production system and opportunity for market orientation: A Case Study of Mieso District, Oromia Region, Ethiopia. MSc. thesis. Haramaya University, Ethiopia.Mekonnen Haile-Mariam and Goshu Mekonnen, 1996. Reproductive performance of zebu, Friesian and Friesian-Zebu crosses. Tropical Agriculture 72(3).


Kefena E, Zewdier W, Tadelle D, Aynalem H (2011). Genetic and environmental trends in the long-term dairy cattle genetic improvement programmes in the central tropical highlands of Ethiopia. Journal of cell and Animal Biology 5(6):96-104.


Ketema H, Tsehay R (1995). Dairy production systems in Ethiopia. Proceedings of a Workshop Entitled: Strategies for Market Orientation of Small Scale Milk Producers and Their Organizations, Morogoro, 20-24 March 1995.


Masama E, Kusina NT, Sibanda S, Majoni C (2003). Reproductive and lactational performance of cattle in a smallholder dairy system in Zimbabwe. Tropical Animal Health and Production 35:117-129.


Mekonnen A, Haile A, Dessie T, Mekasha Y (2012). On farm characterization of Horro cattle breed production systems in western Oromia, Ethiopia. Livestock Research for Rural Development 24(100).


Mekonnin AB, Harlow CR, Gidey G, Tadesse D, Desta G, Gugssa T, Riley SC (2015). Assessment of Reproductive Performance and Problems in Crossbred (Holstein Friesian X Zebu) Dairy Cattle in and Around Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia. Ethiopia. Animal and Veterinary Sciences 3:94-101.


Menale M, Mekuriaw Z, Mekuriaw G, Taye M (2011). Reproductive performances of Fogera cattle at Metekel Cattle Breeding and Multiplication Ranch, north-west Ethiopia. Journal of Animal and Feed Research 1(3):99-106.


Metaferia F, Cherenet TG, Abnet F, Tesfay A, Abdi J, Gulilat W ( 2011). A review to improve estimation of livestock contribution to the national GDP.


Mukasa-Mugerwa E (1989). A Review of a Reproductive Performance of Female Bos Indicus (zebu) Cattle (No. 6). ILRI (aka ILCA and ILRAD).


Mulugeta A, Belayeneh A (2013). Reproductive and lactation performances of dairy cows in Chacha Town and nearby selected kebeles, North Shoa Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 1(1):008-017.


Niemann H (2006). Biotechnologie. In: Tierzucht- Landwirtschaftliches Lehrbuch (eds. G. Lengerken von, F. Ellendorf, J. Lengerken von), Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co. Verlag, Stuttgart pp. 113-125.


Pope G (2000). A cost comparison of AI and natural mating. SARDI, South Australian.


Randolph TF, Schelling E, Grace D, Nicholson CF, Leroy JL, Cole DC, Demment MW, Omore A, Zinsstag J, Ruel M (2007). Role of livestock in human nutrition and health for poverty reduction in developing countries. Journal of animal science 85(11):2788-2800.


Shiferaw Y, Tenhagen BA, Bekana M, Kassa T (2003). Reproductive performance of crossbred cows in different production systems in the central highlands of Ethiopia. Tropical Animal Health and Production. 35(6):551–561.


Sinishaw W (2005). Study on semen quality and field efficiency of AI bulls kept at the National Artificial Insemination Center (Doctoral dissertation, MSc thesis, Addis Ababa University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Debre Zeit).


Sintayehu G, Samuel A, Derek B, Ayele S (2010). Diagnostic study of live cattle and beef production and marketing: Constraints and opportunities for enhancing the system. ILRI and IFPRI, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia P 85.


Solomon A (2003). Livestock marketing in Ethiopia: a review of structure, performance and development initiatives (No. 52). ILRI (aka ILCA and ILRAD).


Tedla A, Gebre-Meskel T, Gebre-Wold A, Yemane B, Chigaru P (1989). Status of Dairying In Ethiopia and Strategies for Future Development. Third Livestock Improvement Conference 24-26 May 1989 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


Tewodros B (2008). Assessment of Productive and Reproductive Performance of Indigenous and Crossbred Cattle under Smallholder Management System in North Gondar, Amhara Region.


Webb DW (2008). Artificial Insemination in Dairy cattle.  


Willam A, Simianer H (2011). Impact of genomic selection on functional traits in a dual purpose cattle breeding program. In Proceedings of the 62nd Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science.


Zegeye Y (2003). Imperative and challenges of dairy production, processing and marketing in Ethiopia. Challenges and Opportunities of Livestock Marketing in Ethiopia P 61.


Zelalem Y, Emmanuelle G, Sebsibe A (2011). A review of the Ethiopian dairy sector. FAO Sub Regional Office for Eastern Africa (FAO/SFE).


Zewdu W (2004). Indigenous Cattle Genetic Resources, Husbandry Practices and Breeding Objectives in Northwestern Ethiopia. MSc Thesis presented to the School of Graduate Studies of Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia.