Journal of
Cell and Animal Biology

  • Abbreviation: J. Cell Anim. Biol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0867
  • DOI: 10.5897/JCAB
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 260

Full Length Research Paper

Comparison study of oral disc morphology of Saudi Bufo dhufarensis and Rana ridibunda tadpoles and their oral deformities

Gamal A. Bekhet
  • Gamal A. Bekhet
  • Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, University of Alexandria, Alexandria 21511, Egypt; Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, King Faisal University, P.O. Box 1759, Al Hufuf 31982, Al Hassa, Saudi
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 28 May 2014
  •  Accepted: 01 July 2014
  •  Published: 31 July 2014


Alcalde L, Blotto B (2006). Chondrocranium, cranial muscles and buccopharyngeal morphology on tadpoles of the controversial leptodactylid frog Limnomedusa macroglossa (Anura: leptodactylidae). Amphibia-Reptilia 27:241-253.
Al-Shehri AH, Al-Saleh AA (2005a). Karyotype of Amphibian in Saudi Arabia. 1. The karyotype of Rana ridibunda. J. Biol. Sci. 5:335-338.
Al-Shehri AH, Al-Saleh AA (2005b). Karyotype of Amphibian in Saudi Arabia. 2. The karyotype of Hyla savignyi. J. Biol. Sci. 5: 768-770.
Al-Shehri AH, Al-Saleh AA (2008). Karyotype of Amphibian in Saudi Arabia. 3. The karyotype of Bufo regularis. Asian J. Cell Biol. 3:67-71.
Altig R, Johnston GF (1989). Guilds of anuran larvae:relationships among developmental modes, morphologies and habitats. Herpetological Monographs 3:81-109
Altig R (2007). A primer for the morphology of anuran tadpoles. Herp. biol. 2(1): 71-74
Altig R (2007). Comments on the descriptions and evaluations of tadpole mouthpart anomalies. Herpetol. Conserv.and Biol: 2; 1-4.
Barbadillo EL(1987). La guia de Incafo de los Amfibios y Reptiles de la Peninsula Iberica, Islas Baleares y Canarias-Guyas verdes de Incafo. Incafo, SA. Madrid
Barrionuevo1S, Aguayo R, Lavilla1ssi EO(2008). First record of chytridiomycosis in Bolivia(Rhinella quechua; Anura: Bufonidae) Dis Aquat Org 82: 161-163,
Bekhet GA (2012). Application of premetamorphic oral cavity electron micrographs for Egyptian toads' taxonomy J . Cell and Anim Biol, 6:10-14,
Bonacci A, Brunelli E, Sperone E, Tripepi S (2008). The oral apparatus of tadpoles of Rana dalmatina, Bombina variegata, Bufo bufo, and Bufo viridis (Anura) Zoologischer Anzeiger 247: 47–54
Briggs J (1980). The green frog population of eastern Saudi Arabia. Abstract of paper presented to Annual Joint Meeting of the Society for the study of Amphibians and Reptiles-Herpetologists League, Milwaukee.
Briggs J (1981). Population structure of Rana ridibunda in the AL-Qatif Oasis. Proc. Saudi Biol. Soc. 5:333-345
Channing A (2001). Amphibians of Central and Southern Africa. Cornell University Press.
Cooke AS (1981). Tadpoles as indicators of harmful levels of pollution in the field. Environ. Pollut. 25:123-133
Drake DL, Altig R, Grace JB, Walls SC (2007). Occurrence of Oral Deformities in Larval Anurans.Copeia (2):449-458.
Duellman WE, Trueb C (1986). Biology of amphibians. First edition. McGrawHill
Erik H, Jan C, Rene P, Cristina F (2010). Descriptions of the Tadpoles of Two Poison Frogs, Ameerega parvula and Ameerega bilinguis (Anura: Dendrobatidae) from Ecuador. J. Herp. 44(3):409-417.
Fellers GJ, Green DE, Longcore J E (2001). ''Oral chytridiomycosis in the Mountain Yellow-Legged Frog (Rana muscosa).'' Copeia, 2001 (4):945-953.
Flower J, Cohen L (1997). Practical Statistics for Field Biology (New York: John Wiley & Sons).
Gosner KL (1959). Systematic variations in tadpole teeth with notes on food. Herpetol. 15:203-210
Grandison AG (1981). Morphology and phylogenetic position of the West African Didynamipus sjoestedti Andersson, 1903 (Anura, Bufonidae). Monitore Zoologico Italiano. Nuova Serie, Supplemento Firenze 15:187-215.
Grillitsch B, Grillitsch H (1989). Teratological and ontogenetic alterations to external oral structure in some Anuran larvae. Prog. Zool. 35:276-282.
Haas A (2003). Phylogeny of frogs as inferred from primarily larval characters (Amphibia: Anura). Cladistics 19:23-89.
Hopkins WA, Congdon J, RayJK (2000). Incidence and impact of axial malformations in larval bullfrogs (Rana catesbeiana) developing in sites polluted by a coal-burning power plant. Env.Toxicol. and Chem. 19:862-868
Khan M S, Mufti SA (1994b). Buccopharyngeal specializations of tadpole of Bufo stomaticus and its ecological correlates. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 26:285-292.
Khan MS, Mufti SA. (1994a). Oral disc morphology of amphibian tadpole and its functional correlates. Pak. J. of Zool. 26:25-30.
Kinne O, Kunert J, Zimmermann W (2004). Breeding, rearing and raising the red-bellied toad Bombina bombina in the laboratory. Endan. Sp. Res. 3:1-13.
Luna MC, Taboada CA, Baeta D, Faivovich J. (2012). Structural diversity of nuptial pads in Phyllomedusinae (Amphibia: Anura: Hylidae). J. Morpho. 273:712-724.).
McDiarmid R, Altig R, Eds. (1999). Tadpoles: The Biology of Anuran Larvae. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Ltd., London.
Morell V. (1999). Are pathogens felling frogs? Science 284:728-731
Nascimento F J, AM Karlson AM , Elmgren R. (2008). Settling blooms of filamentous cyanobacteria as food for meiofauna assemblages. Limnol. Oceanogr. 53:2636–2643,doi:10.4319/lo.2008.53.6.2636 New York, New York, U.S.A.
NikolskyAM, (1915). Faune de la Russie et des pays limitrophes Reptiles (Reptilia). Volume I. Chelonia et Sauria. Petrograd, iv, 534 p.
Peterson1 J D, Peterson1 VA, Mendonc MT (2008). Growth and Developmental Effects of Coal Combustion Residues on Southern Leopard Frog (Rana sphenocephala) Tadpoles Exposed throughout Metamorphosis Copeia 2008, No. 3:499-503
Picariello O, Scillitani G, Vicidomini S, Guarino FM, (1996). Analisi biometrica su girini di tre specie del genere Rana (Anura, Ranidae) dell'Italia meridionale. Studi Trentini di Scienze Naturali – Acta Biologica 71:211–221.
Rachowicz, LJ,(2002). Mouthpart pigmentation in Rana muscosa tadpoles: seasonal changes without chytridiomycosis. Herpetological Review, 33:263-265.
Rossa-Feres D, Nomura F (2006). Characterization and taxonomic key for tadpoles (Amphibia: Anura) from the northwestern region of So Paulo State, Brazil. Biota Neotropica 6:1.
Rowe CL, Kinney OM, Fiori AP, Congdon JD (1996). Oral deformities in tadpoles (Rana catesbeiana) associated with coal ash deposition: Effects on grazing ability and growth. Fresh. Biol. 36:723-730.
Rowe CL,Kinney OM, Congdon JD. (1998). Oral deformities in tadpoles of the bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana) caused by conditions in a polluted habitat. Copeia 1998:244-246.
Rowe CL, Hopkins WA, Coffman VR (2001). Failed recruitment of southern toads (Bufo terrestris) in a trace element-contaminated breeding habitat: Direct and indirect effects that may lead to a local population sink. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 40:399-405.
Rowe CL, Kinney OM and Congdon JD (1998a). Oral deformities in tadpoles of the bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana) caused by conditions in a polluted habitat. Copeia 1998:244-246
Rowe CL, Kinney OM, Nagle RD, Congdon JD (1998b). Elevated maintenance costs in an anuran (Rana catesbeiana) exposed to a mixture of trace elements during the embryonic and early larval periods. Physiological Zoology 71:27-35
Savage J (2002). The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica. University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London.
Sedra SN, Michael MI (1961). Normal table of the Egyptian toad, Bufo regularis Reuss, with an addendum on the standardization of the stages considered in previous publication. Cesk. Morf., 9:333-351.
Snodgrass JW, Jagoe CH, Bryan AL Jr, Burger J (2000). Effects of trophic status, and wetland morphology, hydroperiod and water chemistry on mercury concentrations in fish. Can. J. Fish Aquat Sci. 57:171-180
Thibaudeau DG, Altig R (1988). Sequence of ontogenetic development and atrophy of the oral apparatus of six anuran tadpoles. J. Morphol. 197:63-69.
Tolledo J, Oliveira E, Feio R, Weber L (2009). Distribution extension and geographic distribution map. Amphibia, Anura 5:422-424
Tubbs LO, Stevens R, Wells M, Altig R (1993).Ontogeny of the oral apparatus of the tadpole of Bufo americanus. Amphibia-Reptilia 14, 333-340.
Van Dijk DE (1981). Material data other than preserved specimens. Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S 21 (Suppl. 15):393-400.
Vences M1, Aprea G, Capriglione T, Andreone F, Odierna G. (2002). Ancient tetraploidy and slow molecular evolution in Scaphiophryne: ecological correlates of speciation mode in Malagasy relict amphibians. Chromosome Res. 10(2):127-36.
Venesky MD,Wassersug RJ, Parris MJ. (2010). Fungal pathogen changes the feeding kinematics of larval anurans J. Parasito. 96(3):522-527.
Vieira WS, Santana GG, Vieira KS (2007). Description of the tadpoles of proceratophrys cristicepes (Anura :cycloramphidae,odontophrynini). Zootaxa. 1397:61-68
Vieira CA, Toledo LF, Longcore JE, Longcore JR (2013).Body length of Hylodes cf. ornatus and Lithobates catesbeianus tadpoles, depigmentation of mouthparts, and presence of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis are related Braz. J. Biol. 73
Wassersug R (1997). Assessing and Controlling Amphibian Populations from the Larval Perspective. In Amphibians in Decline: Canadian Studies of a Global Problem, edited by David Green. Herpetological Conservation, Vol. 1. St. Louis: Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles Publications.