Journal of
Chemical Engineering and Materials Science

  • Abbreviation: J. Chem. Eng. Mater. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6605
  • DOI: 10.5897/JCEMS
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 95

Full Length Research Paper

Antoine vapor pressure correlation: Generalization and prediction of coefficients of normal Alkanes

A. A. Rabah
  • A. A. Rabah
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Khartoum, P.O. Box 321, Khartoum, Sudan.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 07 June 2014
  •  Accepted: 21 July 2014
  •  Published: 01 August 2014


This work presents two developments in Antoine vapor pressure correlation: (1) Generalization of the correlation using the principle of corresponding state; (2) Prediction of the Antoine coefficients form molecular weight. The coefficients of the generalized correlation are correlated to molecular weight (r2=0.99) for the group of normal alkanes (C1 to C20). The method is validated using experimental data obtained from reliable literature covering 169 vapor pressure data points covering 11 fluids. The method reproduced the experimental data with a grand absolute average percent deviation (AAPD) of 2.93 while the original Antoine correlation reproduced the same data with 1.90. The method provides a simple procedure for the prediction of Antoine coefficients. On the other hand, the developments, significantly reduces the number of coefficients of C1 to C20 from (3×20=) 60 to (3×3=) 9. This saves the labor work needed for storage and processing of the large number of coefficients values.


Key words: Antoine coefficients, normal alkanes, vapor pressure.