Rhabdomyolysis is a syndrome caused by injury to skeletal muscle and involves leakage of large quantities of intracellular contents into plasma. This disorder may result in potential life-threatening complications such as acute myoglobinuric renal failure, hyperkalemia, cardiac arrest, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and compartment syndrome. A case of acute renal failure as a result of rhabdomyolysis due to assault is presented here. This case report highlights the importance of ancillary investigation with brief review of literature on rhabdomyolysis. Such entities, though rare must be considered in assault/ road traffic accidents cases.
Key word: Rhabdomyolysis, assault, renal failure, myoglobin, creatine kinase (CK).
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