Journal of
Development and Agricultural Economics

  • Abbreviation: J. Dev. Agric. Econ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9774
  • DOI: 10.5897/JDAE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 517

Full Length Research Paper

Transportation infrastructure of Pakistan’s agricultural export

Nazia Tabasam
  • Nazia Tabasam
  • Institute of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
  • Google Scholar
Normaz Wana Ismail
  • Normaz Wana Ismail
  • Faculty of Economics and Management, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 11 February 2019
  •  Accepted: 26 March 2019
  •  Published: 30 April 2019


Pakistan has the highest potential for agri-business development and global marketing. This study responded to standing views about the importance of infrastructure for agricultural trade in Pakistan. It raises the concern to investigate the basic trade facilitation for the transportation of agricultural commodities. This research focuses on transport infrastructure being basic distribution drives. A gravity model is used for panel analysis of twenty countries for the period 2005 to 2015, to find the push and pull factors that contribute to agriculture exports of Pakistan. Fixed effects or random effects technique is employed based on the Hausman’s test to investigate the effect of transport infrastructure (ports, air and road) on agricultural exports of Pakistan. Guided by results, it infers that improved ports facilitation can promote the agriculture sector of Pakistan as majority of trade activities are performed through ports because of their cost-effectiveness. Likewise, air network affects agricultural exports positively owing to the reduced time it takes for the air cargo to reach the destination country. Improved connectivity through roads is required to speed up the process across the regions effectively.

Key words: Infrastructure, Pakistan, agriculture exports, gravity model, panel analysis.