Journal of
Development and Agricultural Economics

  • Abbreviation: J. Dev. Agric. Econ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9774
  • DOI: 10.5897/JDAE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 443

Full Length Research Paper

Gender analysis of micro-loan sizes accessed by small-scale agro-entrepreneurs in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria

Ugwuja V. C.
  • Ugwuja V. C.
  • Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, River State, Nigeria.
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Nweze N. J.
  • Nweze N. J.
  • Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 20 September 2017
  •  Accepted: 13 October 2017
  •  Published: 31 January 2018

Abstract

Available statistics confirmed that men have access to credit more than women in Nigeria because men have assets which serve as collateral for accessing credit. Credit is essential to farmers, especially the small-scale farmers who have limited capital for their production but constitute the greatest force in food production in many developing countries. The study was carried out to investigate micro-loan sizes accessed by male and female small-scale agro-entrepreneurs in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria on a comparative basis. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to collect data from 373 respondents who were either client of formal, semiformal or informal microcredit institutions. Z-test results revealed that loan sizes accessed from formal source showed that there was no significant difference between the mean amount accessed by men and women borrowers. Also for the informal micro-credit, there was no significant difference (p>0.50) between the mean amount of loan accessed by male and female agro-entrepreneur borrowers. The result of the semiformal loans showed that there was a significant difference (p<0.05) between the mean amount of loan, accessed by male and female borrowers. The study recommends that micro-credit schemes which are the major strategy for formal financial inclusion in Nigeria have really impacted positively on women’s loan sizes, and should be sustained to close the gap existing between men and women in accessing microcredit.
 
Key words: Gender, micro-credit, male agro-entrepreneurs, female agro-entrepreneurs, loan size, formal and informal sources, borrowers.