Journal of
Development and Agricultural Economics

  • Abbreviation: J. Dev. Agric. Econ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9774
  • DOI: 10.5897/JDAE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 553

Full Length Research Paper

Impact of risk attitudes on poverty level among rural farmers in Ogun State

Ajijola S.1, O. A. Egbetokun1* and I. E. Ogunbayo2
1Institute of Agricultural Research and Training, P. M. B. 5029 Moor Plantation, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. 2Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 02 September 2011
  •  Published: 26 October 2011

Abstract

This study examined the impact of risk attitudes on poverty level among rural farmers in Ogun state. Data used were generated from a farm survey involving 120 farmers randomly selected using a multi-stage sampling technique. Analytical tools used include descriptive, risk behavioural model (safety-first principle), Foster-Greer-Thorbecke (FGT) model and Probit model. The findings revealed that majority of the responding farmers were male (65.8%). The average age of farmers was 49 and 23 years respectively. The average household size was 6, while educational status was very low, as 47.5% had no formal education, while 33.3% had primary education only. The alarming result was that, not a single farmer insured his farm, while a handful was only aware of the activities of the Nigerian Agricultural Insurance Company (NAIC). FGT analysis showed that 40 and 60% of the farmers were poor and not poor respectively. Majority of the farmers were found to be risk averse as 117 of the 120 farmers fell into this category. Risk attitude or risk aversion has no effect on poverty level of farmers, but a direct relationship between the two was observed. Major sources of farm losses were found to be price fluctuation, pest and disease outbreak, illnesses, erratic rainfall pattern, changes in government policies and theft.

 

Key wods: Risk attitude, poverty, rural farmers.