Journal of
Development and Agricultural Economics

  • Abbreviation: J. Dev. Agric. Econ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9774
  • DOI: 10.5897/JDAE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 544


Development of the poultry sector in Botswana: From good intentions to legal oligopoly

Roman Grynberg
  • Roman Grynberg
  • Economics and Management Sciences, University of Namibia, Private Bag 13301, 340 Mandume Ndemufayo Ave, Pionierspark, Windhoek, Namibia.
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Masedi Motswapong
  • Masedi Motswapong
  • Botswana Institute for Development Policy Analysis, Private Bag BR-29, Gaborone, Botswana.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 13 October 2015
  •  Accepted: 22 December 2015
  •  Published: 29 February 2016


This paper examines the development of the Botswana’s poultry sector, which has become the dominant meat industry in Botswana. The poultry sector is the most successful example of import substitution in Botswana with the country having achieved national self sufficiency. The paper describes the value chain in the industry and shows how, given the small size of the market, a high degree of market concentration exists. This paper raises issues regarding the fundamental tension between competition and industrial policy in a small developing country. As the larger firms in the poultry industry move towards export readiness after 36 years of protection, the question of a new trade and industry regime is considered.


Key words: Poultry industry, competition policy, trade policy.