Journal of
Development and Agricultural Economics

  • Abbreviation: J. Dev. Agric. Econ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9774
  • DOI: 10.5897/JDAE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 544

Article in Press

Technical and economic repository for the collection and transport of raw milk in Niger.

Yahoussa Gambo, Mamadou Sarr, Salissou Issa, Malam Maman M. Nafiou

  •  Received: 12 June 2021
  •  Accepted: 19 November 2021
The aim is to provide actors (Raw milk collectors and processors) in the collection and processing link of the milk value chain with a tool to support activity in a simple and precise manner. The process described here is based on taking (collecting) raw milk from the production area to the processing and /or marketing area. The source of raw milk supply is the agro-pastoralist farms in rural areas. The considered collector capacity is 200 liters per day. The activity of collecting and transporting raw milk takes place between 6 a.m. and 9 a.m., i.e. a working period of 3 hours. The main results show that the total cost of investments for the collection and processing of raw milk is two hundred and fifty-two thousand six hundred (252,600) CFA francs. After all the transactions, the liter of milk collected returns to the collector at 303 FCFA, all costs combined. Thus, the collector can resell his milk for 350 FCFA without any risk. This demonstrates that the collection and transport of milk is profitable with R = 1.51. To produce 100 FCFA of gross margin, it is necessary to consume 99 FCFA of variable costs and 0.3 FCFA of fixed costs. In total, you have to consume 1.95 FCFA to produce a gross margin of 100 FCFA. The risk of collecting raw milk is that of breakdowns of the motorcycle which can occur during transport and the expiration of the milk which can occur at any time.

Keywords: Collection, transport, raw milk, profitability , Niger