Journal of
Development and Agricultural Economics

  • Abbreviation: J. Dev. Agric. Econ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9774
  • DOI: 10.5897/JDAE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 535

Full Length Research Paper

Economic profitability and risk analyses of improved sorghum varieties in Tanzania

Aloyce R. Kaliba
  • Aloyce R. Kaliba
  • Department of Accounting, Finance and Economics, College of Business, P. O. Box 9723, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA.
  • Google Scholar
Kizito Mazvimavi
  • Kizito Mazvimavi
  • International Crop Research Institute for Semiarid Tropics, Matopos Research Station, P. O. Box 776, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe.
  • Google Scholar
Ghirmay S. Ghebreyesus
  • Ghirmay S. Ghebreyesus
  • Department of Accounting, Finance and Economics, College of Business, P. O. Box 9723, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 23 March 2017
  •  Accepted: 16 June 2017
  •  Published: 30 September 2017


Anderson JR (1974). Risk efficiency in the interpretation of agricultural production research. Rev. Market. Agric. Econ. 42(3):131-84.


Anderson JR, Dillon J (1992). Risk analysis in a dryland farming. Farming System Management Series 2. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.


Babcock A, Choi EK, Feinerman E (1993). Risk probability premium for CARA utility functions. J. Agric. Resour. Econ. 18(1):17-24.


Belaya M, Bewket W (2013). Farmers' livelihood assets and adoption of sustainable land management practices in North-Western Highlands of Ethiopia. Int. J. Environ. Stud. 70(2):284-301.


Barham EH, Robinson JR, Richardson JW, Rister ME (2011). Mitigating cotton revenue risk through irrigation, insurance, and hedging. J. Agric. Appl. Econ. 43(4):529-540.


Barrett CB, Moser CM, McHugh OV, Barison J (2004). Better technology, better plots, or better farmers? Identifying changes in productivity and risk among Malagasy rice farmers. Am. J. Agric. Econ. 86(4):869-888.


Bartlett MS (1937). Properties of sufficiency and statistical tests. Proc. R. Soc. Series A 160(191):268-282.


Boyer CN, Brorsen BW, Solie JB, Raun WR (2011). Profitability of variable rate nitrogen application in wheat production. Prec. Agric. 12:473-87.


Bryant KJ, Reeves JM, Nichols RL, Greene JK, Tingle CH, Studebaker GE (2008). Valuing transgenic cotton technologies using a risk/return framework. J. Agric. Appl. Econ. 40(3):767-775.


Doupéa RG, Lymberyb AJ (2002). Justification for genetic improvement in growth rates of black bream (Acanthopagrus butcheri): A partial budgeting analysis. Aquac. Econ. Manage. 6(5-6):339-347.


Efron B (1979). Bootstrap methods: another look at the Jackknife. Ann. Stat. 7(1):1-26.


Hardaker BJ, Richardson JW, Lien G, Schumann KD (2004). Stochastic efficiency analysis with risk aversion bounds: a simplified approach. Aust. J. Agric. Resour. Econ. 48(2):253-270.


Hignight JA, Watkins KB, Anders MM (2010). An economic risk analysis of tillage and cropping systems on the Arkansas Grand Prairie". Paper presented at the Southern Agricultural Economics Association Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL.


Kaliba AR, Verkuijl HJM, Mwangi W (2000). Factors affecting adoption of maize production technologies in the Intermediate and Lowlands of Tanzania. J. Agric. Appl. Econ. 32(1):35-47.


Kimenye L (2014). Best-bet technologies for addressing climate change and variability in Eastern and Central Africa. ASARECA (Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa): Entebbe, Uganda (Accessed July, 2015).


King PK, Robison LJ (1984). Risk efficiency models. In: Barry PJ (ed.), Risk Management in Agriculture, Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press pp. 68-81.


Kombe S (2012). Moshi farmers assured of sorghum, millet market. Tanzania Daily News. Dares Salaam, Tanzania. 


Lambert DM, Lowenberg – DeBoer L (2003). Economic analysis of row spacing for corn and soybeans. Agron. J. 92:564-573.


Levene H (1960). Robust tests for equality of variances. In: Olkin I(Ed.), Contributions to Probability and StatisticsPalo Alto, California: Stanford University Press, pp. 278-292.


Meyer J (1977a). Choice among distributions. J. Econ. Theory 14(2):326-36.


Meyer J (1997b). Second degree stochastic dominance with respect to a function. Intl. Econ. Rev. 18:477-487.


Meyer J, Richardson JW, Schumann KD (2009). Stochastic efficiency analysis with risk aversion Bounds: A Correction. Aust. J. Agric. Resour. Econ. 53(4):521-525.


Mgonja MA, Chandra S, Gwata ET, Obilana AB, Monyo ES, Rohrbach DD, Chisi M, Kudita S, Saadan HM (2005). Improving the efficiencies of national crop breeding programs through region-based approaches: The case of sorghum and pearl millet in Southern Africa. J. Food Agric. Environ. 3:124-129.


Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security (MAFC) (2008). Tanzania Variety List Updated to 2008. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. 


Monyo ES, Ngereza J, Mgonja MA, Rohrbach DD, Saadan HM, Ngowi P (2004). Adoption of improved sorghum and pearl millet technologies in Tanzania. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics: Bulawayo, Zimbabwe.


Pitcher T, Almekinders CJM, Kamanga BCG (2013). Participatory trials and farmers' social realities: understanding the adoption of legume technologies in a Malawian farmer Community. Int. J. Agric. Sustain. 11(3):252-263.


Pratt JW (1964). Risk aversion in the small and in the large. Econometrica 32(1/2):122-136.


R Core Team (2016). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. ISBN 3-900051-07-0. 


Rohrbach DD, Mtenga K, Kiriwaggulu JAB, Monyo ES, Mwaisela F, Saadan HM (2002). Comparative Study of Three Community Seed Supply Strategies in Tanzania. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics. Bulawayo, Zimbabwe.


Rohrbach DD, Kiriwaggulu JAB (2007). Commercialization prospects for sorghum and pearl millet in Tanzania. SAT eJournal 3(1). 


Shankar B, Bennett R, Morse S (2007). Output risk aspects of genetically modified crop technology in South Africa. Econ. Innov. New Technol. Jun 1; 16(4):277-291.


Saltelli A, Chan K, Scott EM (2000). Sensitivity Analysis. John Wiley and Sons, Ltd. West Sussex, England.


Swinton SM, Lowenberg-DeBoer J (1998). Evaluating the profitability of site specific farming. J. Prod. Agric. 11:439-346.


Stanger TF, Lauer JG, Chavas JP (2008). The profitability and risk of long-term cropping systems featuring different rotations and nitrogen rates. Agron. J. 100:105-113.


Trautmann H, Detlef Steuer D, Mersmann O, Bornkamp B (2014). truncnorm: Truncated Normal Distribution. R package version 1.0-7.