In order to protect palm grooves and strengthen community participation in the exploitation and management of palm forest resources, we investigate the roles of community-level institutions in the moderation of exploitation of palm forest resources studied in three states within the palm forest belt of southeast Nigeria. We confirmed that community-level institutions like community development associations (CDAs), palm cutters associations (PCAs), palm tappers associations (PTAs), etc. actually moderated the intensity of palm forest exploitation by ensuring orderliness, regularity, conflict management and prevention of bad management practices like harvesting immature palms, indiscriminate felling of palms, and others. We also observed that while community-level institutions performed important roles in moderating exploitation, they did not promote replanting and replacement of oil palms with improved varieties.
Key words: Community-level, institutions, sustainable, exploitation; palm forest.
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