The histories of the researches on the Lepidoptera of Yozgat are given. This study was carried out in Akdağlar located in Akdağmadeni district (Yozgat, Turkey), during the years 1999 to 2000. The study aimed to collect data on Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea species, their distribution and current status. Butterflies samples were caught with sweep nets from 43 localities during the field work. 121 species belonging to seven families and two super families were identified. 74 out of 121 species which were identified in this study are first records for the Lepidoptera fauna of Akdağmadeni and 25 out of them are first records for Yozgat province. According to literature review and collection of data, 139 species recorded from Yozgat were evaluated.
Key words: Fauna, Lepidoptera, Akdağlar, Akdağmadeni, Yozgat, Turkey.
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