Journal of
Ecology and The Natural Environment

  • Abbreviation: J. Ecol. Nat. Environ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9847
  • DOI: 10.5897/JENE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 357

Full Length Research Paper

Assessing the diversity and intensity of pesticide use in communal area cotton production in Zimbabwe

W. Mubvekeri*
  • W. Mubvekeri*
  • Cotton Research Institute, Kadoma, Department of Research and Specialist Services Zimbabwe
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J. Bare
  • J. Bare
  • Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology Midlands State University Gweru, Zimbabwe
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Caston Makaka
  • Caston Makaka
  • Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology Midlands State University Gweru, Zimbabwe
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F. Jimu
  • F. Jimu
  • Cotton Research Institute, Kadoma, Department of Research and Specialist Services Zimbabwe
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  •  Received: 01 October 2014
  •  Accepted: 21 October 2014
  •  Published: 31 October 2014

Abstract

A survey was conducted in Checheche, Nemangwe, Sanyati and Tafuna areas of Zimbabwe to assess the level of insecticide use and use of protective clothing in smallholder cotton production areas where the Cotton Research Institute conducted cotton experiments. Compliance with the closed season legislation, the Plant Pest and Diseases Act, Chapter 19, Section 8 of 1988 was checked because of its role in seasonal pest survival. Generally, pest management was found to be anchored on the use of insecticides with 71.9% of the farmers having positive indications regarding dependence on insecticides for pest control. Fifty nine percent of the farmers did not use scouting as a method to determine the need to  spray insecticides. The closed season that helps break life cycle of insects was predominantly not observed. Integrated pest management approaches need to be promoted for the sack of the environment and the future of humanity.

Key words: Closed season, insecticide, integrated pest management.