We conducted a study in Agama Forest in Kafa zone, South Western Ethiopia to investigate species diversity, vegetation structure and regeneration status of woody species. Sixty sample plots of 25 m x25 m were laid at 300m interval along ten grids interspaced 800m apart. All woody plant species were recorded in 25 m X 25 m and for seedling and sapling inventory, two sub-quadrats of 2 m X 5 m were used at the beginning and the end of the base line on opposite sides of the main quadrat. Vegetation data such as DBH, height, seedling and sapling density of woody species, and location and altitude of each quadrat were recorded. In total, 72 woody plant species of 65 genera and 35 families were identified. Analysis of selected tree species showed different population structures. Generally, the forest was dominated by small trees and shrubs characteristic of secondary regeneration. Studies on the structure and regeneration of some woody species indicated that there are species that require urgent conservation measures. Sound management and monitoring, as well as maintenance of biodiversity, cultural and economic values of the forest require conservation activities that encourage sustainable uses of the forest and its products.
Keywords: Agama; Ethiopia; Species diversity; Structure