Journal of
Geography and Regional Planning

  • Abbreviation: J. Geogr. Reg. Plann.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2070-1845
  • DOI: 10.5897/JGRP
  • Start Year: 2008
  • Published Articles: 394

Full Length Research Paper

Investigation of heavy metals in crystalline aquifer groundwater from different valleys of Bangalore, Karnataka

  M. Jiban Singh1, R. K. Somashekar1*, K. L. Prakash1 and K. Shivanna2  
  1Department of Environmental Science, Jnana Bharathi, Bangalore University, Bangalore-56 India. 2Isotope Hydrology Section, IAD, Division Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai-85, Maharashtra India.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 02 September 2010
  •  Published: 31 October 2010



Fifty-one groundwater samples were collected during South-west monsoon 2009 from Challaghatta, Vrishabhavathi, Kormangala and Hebbal valleys, Bangalore, which is an unconfined/crystalline aquifer to investigate Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, Cr, Ni concentrations and other parameters like temperature, pH, electric conductivity (EC) and total dissolved solid (TDS). The TDS and EC variation confirmed light-salty nature of groundwater found to be contaminated by Salty water intrusion, which is attributed to over-extraction. Comparison between presence, abundance and frequencies of trace elements in groundwater samples is in the order of Fe (84) > Zn (72) > Mn (68) >Pb (45) >Cu (41) >Cr (35) >Ni (33) >Cd (21), indicating that Fe in groundwater is in origin. The TDS, Pb, Fe, Mn and Cd concentrations in groundwater samples are beyond the permissible limit prescribed by World Health Organization (WHO).


Key words: Groundwater, heavy metals, lithologic physico-chemicals, sewage.