India is a multi-ethnic, multi-cultural and multi-linguistic country; people belonging to many religious faiths live side by side. Muslims are the largest minority of the country. This paper attempts to present a demographic and socio-economic profile of the Muslims in Uttar Pradesh by focusing on the district wise distributional variation of Muslim concentration, their literacy, work participation rate and broad occupational groups. It is based on secondary data obtained from religion data, 2001 census. For understanding of current situations in the state, a cross-comparison of population in distribution, of literacy and employment have been made.The rate of urbanization is 37% among Muslims of Uttar Pradesh, which is 2% points more than that of national Muslims average. The position of Muslims in the state both in terms of education and employment has also been dissatisfactory, where male literacy rate is 58% and female literacy rate 41%, whereas the WPR (work participation rate) 41 and 12% to male and female respectively, an overwhelming majority of women working in the marginal. Comparison of existing inequalities by religion operates within the large matrix of structural inequalities such as among regional difference. The paper proves that the increase in inequalities aid the increase in backwardness; which have a disproportionate impact on women as well as in the cumulative development of the state in particular and nation in general.
Key words: Literacy rate, Muslims, occupational structure, regional analysis, Uttar Pradesh, work participation.
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