Journal of
Geography and Regional Planning

  • Abbreviation: J. Geogr. Reg. Plann.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2070-1845
  • DOI: 10.5897/JGRP
  • Start Year: 2008
  • Published Articles: 386

Full Length Research Paper

A study on factors related to urban growth of a municipal corporation and emerging challenges: A case of Siliguri Municipal Corporation, West Bengal, India

  Tamal Basu Roy1 and Sanjoy Saha2  
  1Patoir C.C. H.S, Net Fellow, Department of Geography and Applied Geography, N.B.U, West Bengal, India. 2Department of Geography, Kaliyachak College, Sultanganj, Malda, West Bengal, India.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 21 September 2011
  •  Published: 18 November 2011

Abstract

 

Urbanization refers to the process of becoming urban or in other words urbanization is a cyclical process through which the nation passes as they evolve from agrarian to industrial societies. It is a spatial concomitant phenomenon involving population concentration, structural transformation and socio-psychological change affecting both people and place. Siliguri, the gate way to North East India is not only one of vital importance for the State of West Bengal but Eastern India also. Especially, in developing countries in a particular setting, chronological development of Siliguri Municipal Corporation and chaotic urbanization and industrialization created hardship particularly for local residents. Although there were also many positive effects of urbanization including improving housing condition, better urban amenities and services as well as higher living standards, these benefits were often ignored in respect of urban environmental issues. The main scopes of the study were to elaborate urban growth of Siliguri and its urbanization processes operated since past decades. The major findings were to explore the subsequent growth and development of Siliguri Municipal Corporation since past decades of early 20th century. In addition, various functions which the town had performed were intensively studied in relation to urban population for the determination of problems created by man to meet certain requirement.

 

Key words: Urbanization, growth, issues, problems.