Journal of
Geography and Regional Planning

  • Abbreviation: J. Geogr. Reg. Plann.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2070-1845
  • DOI: 10.5897/JGRP
  • Start Year: 2008
  • Published Articles: 390

Full Length Research Paper

Explaining the role of cultural, social and economic factors on quality of residence in urban neighborhoods: A case study of Kerman

Afsoon Mahdavi
  • Afsoon Mahdavi
  • Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
  • Google Scholar
Farah Habib
  • Farah Habib
  • Department of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
  • Google Scholar

  •  Accepted: 01 April 2016
  •  Published: 31 May 2016


The residential environments provide the main tools for developing different types of life indicators such as health, family, job, and leisure. These environments can create or provide the appropriate conditions for increasing the satisfaction of their dwellers by accessing the required criteria. In various cities of Iran, the lack of consideration to the qualitative criteria of dwelling in the trend of progressions resulted from the industrial developments caused by the construction of unidentified residence environments. In this paper, by explaining the effective factors on the quality of residential in the neighborhood units, by emphasizing  social, cultural, and functional – performance factors, each of the elements was divided into the sub-elements study and these indicators are evaluated in different parts of Kerman city. After completing the library – based studies and an open interview with the experts and managers, the qualitative criteria of assessment  from the theoretical principles were measured, such as: the homogenizes cultural, social, economics, and the quarter services. The research method is analytic-descriptive and the aim is to improve the quality of residence. A questionnaire with 40 questions was completed, validity of the questionnaires was confirmed by social sciences professors and its stability was confirmed by Cronbach. The questionnaires were generated among 387 of statistical population according to the Cochrane formula. The results were analyzed by Pearson’s correlation and a multiple linear regression (MLR) model and they show a significant correlation between the variables affecting the quality of habitation.


Key words: Social capital, economic capital, cultural capital, quality of residence, quality of life, neighborhood units, urban planning.