Journal of
Geography and Regional Planning

  • Abbreviation: J. Geogr. Reg. Plann.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2070-1845
  • DOI: 10.5897/JGRP
  • Start Year: 2008
  • Published Articles: 385

Full Length Research Paper

Quality of affordable housing projects by public and private developers in Indonesia: The case of Sarbagita Metropolitan Bali

  Ngakan Ketut Acwin Dwijendra      
Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, University of Udayana, Bali, Indonesia.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 13 February 2013
  •  Published: 31 May 2013



Housing refers to both the physical product and the process of its attainment. Housing is perceived according to its performance and its usefulness varies with the level of comfort and hygiene it provides. The importance of people in housing is recognised not when housing complies with municipality by laws, but when people live in it and is acceptable in a community. Housing also means privacy and is an expression of ways of life, aspirations and social cultural relationships. Therefore, housing is the provision of comfortable shelter with available infrastructure, services and facilities that address people’s needs. Sarbagita metropolitan, Indonesia has large affordable housing provided by both public and private developers. In fact, the fast growing affordable housing projects have not assured the delivery of better quality of physical, infrastructure and public facilities. This paper will try to investigate the role of households as consumers and the role of developers in providing better quality low-cost housing projects in Sarbagita. By using some indicators, the various modes of affordable housing projects provision in Sarbagita Metropolitan Bali will be examined, including public and private housing projects. The data were gathered using observations, interviews, questionnaires and documentation techniques from project sites, stakeholders, developers and dwellers. Data collected were then analyzed qualitatively to make findings and draw conclusions and recommendations. The result shows that the low-quality affordable housing provision is often unsuitable for dwellers because of developer constraints, and the lack of power or means of households to direct or influence the inception or delivery of the projects. Some recommendations will be proposed in this paper in order to improve the quality of affordable housing projects provision for dwellers in Sarbagita metropolitan.


Key words: Quality, affordable housing provision project, human needs, Indonesia, low-income groups.