Journal of
Geography and Regional Planning

  • Abbreviation: J. Geogr. Reg. Plann.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2070-1845
  • DOI: 10.5897/JGRP
  • Start Year: 2008
  • Published Articles: 390

Full Length Research Paper

GIS application for determining public transport access level in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja- Nigeria

Oluwole Matthew Sunday*
  • Oluwole Matthew Sunday*
  • Transport Management Technology Department, School of Entrepreneurship and Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Ojekunle Joel Ademola
  • Ojekunle Joel Ademola
  • Transport Management Technology Department, School of Entrepreneurship and Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 11 February 2016
  •  Accepted: 24 May 2016
  •  Published: 31 August 2016

Abstract

The prevalence of private car for commuting in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja is of concern to transport policy makers and planners because of its negative consequences on both physical and socio-economic environments. This study therefore investigates commuters’ access to public transport using four key indicators (public transport fare, service frequency, walking distance to access points and waiting time at public transport terminals/bus stops). Relevant data were collected from the public transport operators and commuters using a combination of interview, questionnaire and GPS (Garmin 62x), the data collected were analysed and manipulated on Geographic Information System (GIS) Arc-GIS 9.3 environment to show areas with equal mean values of waiting time, transport fare, bus service frequency and distance to public transport access points. The results showed that Gwagwalada and Zuba axis with 58 mean bus frequency per day, average 109 metres to public transport access points, about 20 min mean waiting time in the park and N158 mean transport fare per tip has the best access to public transport in FCT but still fell short of best practices. The study recommended a redesign of public transport routes, bus stops and terminals across the FCT that will reflect its current physical development pattern, while stakeholders should stepped-up efforts to provide enough and affordable public transport services.

Key words: Access, points, public, transport.