Social capital, while not all things to all people, is many things to a lot of people. Human and social capital play critical roles in rural development, in both the US and Europe, which is a key sociological approach used to study about rural development, in that the former focuses on the relational capital available to a group of actors and which can be mobilized in a development initiative. The goal of this paper is to analyze the effect of social capital resources on rural development in the visual central city of Nor Abad Mamsani, Iran. This study provides definitions of social behavioral and social capitals and their different and after discussions in a scientific framework. The results show change in social practices as resulting from a cycle of phases where the problem, its solution and the identity of the actors are constantly transformed and negotiated as represented in the Appendix. Social capital has often been attributed beneficial effects in promoting local development. Moreover, it facilitates the circulation of information and its use within the group fostering the coordination of activities.
Key words: Social capital, rural development, Iran villages, local development.
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