The most important purpose of tourism development is economic and social development of the tourism areas. Although a minor part of tourism includes rural tourism and plays an important role in economics of rural areas of developed countries, but other advantages and even received harms through these activities in rural areas should not be neglected. As some benefits may be obtained from tourist development, its inappropriate development will bring about losses and negative effects. Nevertheless, the level of these effects would be changed proportionate to different factors such as importance of local tourism industry, potentials of tourists and their activities, consolidation of local environment and authority of local cultures and customs. Certainly, tourism development would not be met unless some expenses are being considered for it and in line with this purpose the village’s environment may be put at risk. Semnan Province has a diversity of rural residential areas and tourist attraction sites, and the most attractive sites which enjoy a higher potential for tourism enter this study. Here we have conducted field and library research using two types of questionnaires distributed to rural residents and organizations responsible for tourism. The data was analyzed through the statistical software of SPSS.
Key words: Tourism, rural tourism, development, effects, positive, negative, Semnan Province.
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