Journal of
Horticulture and Forestry

  • Abbreviation: J. Hortic. For.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9782
  • DOI: 10.5897/JHF
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 302

Full Length Research Paper

Comparative analysis of on-farm timber conversion systems in Kenya

George Muthike
  • George Muthike
  • Kenya Forestry Research Institute (KEFRI) Forest Products Research Centre, P. O. Box .64636-00620, Kenya.
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Christopher Kanali
  • Christopher Kanali
  • Department of Biomechanical and Environmental Engineering, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya
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Douglas Shitanda
  • Douglas Shitanda
  • MultiMedia University of Kenya, Kenya
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  •  Accepted: 17 June 2013
  •  Published: 31 July 2013

Abstract

Exploitation of trees on private farms in Kenya is mainly by chain, bench and pit sawing systems, whose efficiency has not been well established. The sawing systems were evaluated for their performance using three species: Eucalyptus salignaGrevillea robusta and Prosopis juliflora.  Data was subjected to analysis of variance and mean comparisons. Results showed significant differences (P<0.05) among the sawing systems. Chainsaw system recovered more logs from the trees with a log recovery rate of 76%, which was significantly higher than those of 65 and 63% for bench and pit saws respectively. Timber recovery rates of 39.8, 35.9 and 30.0% for pit, bench and chain saws respectively were observed. The chainsaw system produced the highest rate of timber output (0.23 m3/man-hour), differing significantly from benchsaw (0.17) and pit saw (0.08). Chain and bench saws recorded significantly different fuel consumption rates of 8.41 and 14.86 m3l-1respectively. Timber sawn with the chain saw had the highest dimensional deviation (+/-5.53 mm), which was significantly higher than deviations for benchsaw (+/-3.55 mm) and pitsaw (+/-2.44 mm). The study shows that, although chainsaw recorded the highest timber production rate per man hour, it had the lowest timber recovery. Timber sawn with this system had the highest dimensional deviations. Bench saw was more economical for sawing large diameter logs, with chainsaw performing better for small diameter logs. The three systems recorded very low recovery of timber and are thus not suitable for processing timber, in this error of diminishing tree cover unless they are improved.

 

Key words: Efficiency, sawing systems, timber recovery, production rate, size, deviation.