Journal of
Hospitality Management and Tourism

  • Abbreviation: J. Hosp. Manage. Tourism
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6575
  • DOI: 10.5897/JHMT
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 59

Full Length Research Paper

Assessing the impact of ecotourism on livelihood of the local population living around the Campo Ma’an National Park, South Region of Cameroon

Gadinga W. Forje
  • Gadinga W. Forje
  • Department of Forestry, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, P. O. Box 222, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Tchamba N. Martin
  • Tchamba N. Martin
  • Department of Forestry, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, P. O. Box 222, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Barnabas N. Nfornkah
  • Barnabas N. Nfornkah
  • Department of Forestry, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, P. O. Box 222, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Nyong P. Awazi
  • Nyong P. Awazi
  • Department of Forestry, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, P. O. Box 222, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Chimi C. Djomo
  • Chimi C. Djomo
  • Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD), Bertoua, P. O. Box.203, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Diabe E. Sone
  • Diabe E. Sone
  • Department of Geography, Faculty of Letters and Human Sciences, University of Maroua, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Reeves M. Fokeng
  • Reeves M. Fokeng
  • Department of Geography and Planning, Faculty of Arts, University of Bamenda, P.O. Box.39, Bambili, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 12 March 2020
  •  Accepted: 07 April 2020
  •  Published: 31 May 2020

Abstract

Ecotourism has been reported as a sustainable measure of bridging conservation goals and livelihood sustenance around protected areas, with very little information on the Campo Ma’an National Park (CMNP). This study was initiated to assess the impact of ecotourism activities on the livelihood of the local population living around the CMNP. Data were collected with questionnaires through household surveys and focus group discussions, interviews with key informants and observations in 9 communities. Chi-square test, Spearman’s rank correlation and regressions were used for data analysis. The study revealed that 65% of the local population perceived that ecotourism activities do not contribute to livelihood improvement. Chi-square statistics and Spearman rank correlation coefficients showed that the main factors plausibly affecting the impact of ecotourism activities around the CMNP on the local population’s livelihood were community, gender, main and secondary occupation, level of education, ethnic group, and number of children. Coefficients of the logistic regression model indicated that the main factors influencing the impact of ecotourism around the CMNP on the local population’s livelihood were gender (β = 1.218; p<0.05); and level of education (β = 0.442; p<0.05). It is recommended that decision-makers integrate these factors when formulating policies geared towards ensuring livelihood sustenance through ecotourism around the CMNP.

 

Key words: Ecotourism, livelihood, local population, Campo Ma’an National Park, South Region of Cameroon.