Journal of
Infectious Diseases and Immunity

  • Abbreviation: J. Infect. Dis. Immun.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2375
  • DOI: 10.5897/JIDI
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 80

Case Report

Legionella disease complicated by complete heart block

Jonathan G. Stine1*, Omar Ragab2 and Chalapathy Venkatesan2
1Department of Internal Medicine, Georgetown University Hospital, 3800 Reservoir Rd NW Washington D.C. 20007, USA. 2Department of Medicine, INOVA Fairfax Hospital, 3300 Gallows Rd Falls Church VA 22042, USA.
Email: [email protected]

  • Article Number - AE1C93F3966
  • Vol.3(9), pp. 153-156, September 2011
  •  Accepted: 22 July 2011
  •  Published: 15 September 2011

Abstract

Legionella disease is a systemic infection with rare cardiac manifestations. Known cardiac presentations include myocarditis, pericarditis, endocarditis and pericardial effusion. Only two cases of conduction disturbance have been reported in adults, one in the setting of verapamil use. A 56 year-old African American woman with a history of active tobacco abuse and diabetes presented with fevers, fatigue and altered mental status and was subsequently found to have community acquired pneumonia (CAP). Initial electrocardiogram (EKG) showed 2:1 atrioventricular (AV) block in the absence of baseline conduction system disease or electrolyte abnormalities. The patient had a positive urinary Legionella antigen and was started on intravenous levofloxacin. The patient’s hospital course was complicated by hypoxemic respiratory failure requiring intubation, acute renal failure, hyponatremia, elevated liver associated enzymes and progression to third degree AV block, requiring both transcutaneous and transvenous pacing. Legionella should be considered for patients who present with new onset cardiac conduction disturbance in the setting of community acquired pneumonia. Early detection and prompt treatment with intravenous antibiotics is crucial to ensure full recovery from this form of reversible, infectious heart block.

 

Key wordsLegionella, heart block, pneumonia, respiratory failure.

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