Journal of
Languages and Culture

  • Abbreviation: J. Lang. Cult.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6540
  • DOI: 10.5897/JLC
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 132

Full Length Research Paper

The indigenous Oromo peacemaking ritual: The case of Tajoo among Waayyuu Oromo of Arsii, Ethiopia

Lenin Kuto Hamado
  • Lenin Kuto Hamado
  • Jimma University, Oromo Folklore and Literature, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Dejene Gemechu Chala
  • Dejene Gemechu Chala
  • Social Anthropology, Jimma University Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 15 August 2015
  •  Accepted: 23 December 2015
  •  Published: 30 April 2016


This paper tries to reveal Tajoo ritual, which is performed annually in Arfaasaa (spring) as a New Year celebration by Waayyuu Oromo of Arsii. The data for this study were collected through participant observation, interview, focus group discussion and secondary sources. As revealed by the study, Tajoo is a ritual celebrated commonly by the whole community of Waayyuu Oromo on Hinikkaa (the first day of Oromo calendar). Passing through different steps the ritual is concluded by sacrificial activities for Waaqaa (approximately God in English) and prayer to Him for peace, fertility and prosperity and declaration of   Tajoo law. The findings of this paper indicate that Tajoo ritual has real significance in intercommunity peace-building and sustaining social solidarity, integration and re-integration. Therefore, using this indigenous institution as input is vital in future policy formulations in the country as peace issues are central to the realization of sustainable development.

Key words: Tajoo ritual, peacemaking, Arsii Oromo, indigenous, symbolism.