Journal of
Microbiology and Antimicrobials

  • Abbreviation: J. Microbiol. Antimicrob.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2308
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMA
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 157

Full Length Research Paper

Investigation of the antimicrobial and hemolytic activity of venom of some Egyptian scorpion

Wesam Salama*
  • Wesam Salama*
  • Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Egypt.
  • Google Scholar
Naglaa Geasa
  • Naglaa Geasa
  • Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Egypt.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Accepted: 16 January 2014
  •  Published: 31 January 2014

Abstract

Leuirus quinquestriatus, Androctonus amoreuxi and Androctonus australis are venomous scorpion in Egypt. Their venom is complex mixture of salts, neurotoxins, peptides and proteins which has therapeutic applications, and can rapidly kill a broad range of microbes. Estimations of total proteins of the venom indicated that L. quinquestriatus had the highest value than the others (10.64 ± 0.04). Hemolytic activity of human erythrocytes was detected and showed that all concentrations (20, 8 and 5 mg/ml) of tested scorpion species crude venom have hemolytic activity against human erythrocytes. The present study was conducted to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of the three Egyptian scorpion’s venom against four Gram-positive and negative bacterial strains (Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtillis, Citrobacter freundi and Klibsella pneumonia) in addition to one fungus species Candida albicans. The results show that L. quinquestriatus venom has a significant antibacterial effect against B. subtillis and C. freundi. In contrast, A. amoreuxi and A. australis venoms do not have a noticeable effect on tested microbes. So, the aim of the present study was to investigate the antimicrobial activity of crude venom against Gram-negative, as well as Gram-positive bacteria, fungi and to evaluate the hemolytic activity of the three investigated species on human erythrocytes.

Key words: Crude venom, Leuirus quinquestriatus, Androctonus amoreuxi, Androctonus australis, hemolytic activity, antibacterial activity.