Journal of
Microbiology and Antimicrobials

  • Abbreviation: J. Microbiol. Antimicrob.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2308
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMA
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 166

Full Length Research Paper

Aerobic and anaerobic bacteria and Candida species in crude milk

Ludmilla Santana de Soares e Barros1*, Silvio Luiz de Oliveira Sóglia1, Marília de Jesus Ferreira2, Margarete de Jesus Rodrigues2 and Marialice Pereira Castelo Branco3
        1Professor at the Center of Agrarian, Environmental and Biological Sciences (CCAAB) Federal University of Bahia Recôncavo (UFRB). Rui Barbosa Street, 710. Postal Code 44380-000, Cruz das Almas, Bahia, Brazil. 2Teacher at the Biology Course at CCAAB - UFRB. Rui Barbosa Street, 710. Postal Code 44380-000, Cruz das Almas, Bahia, Brazil. 3Candidate for the Master’s Degree in Animal Science at CCAAB - UFRB. Rui Barbosa Street, 710, Postal Code 44380-000, Cruz das Almas, Bahia, Brazil.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 24 May 2011
  •  Published: 30 August 2011



      Since milk is a high nutrition food, it is extremely liable to microbiological contamination. Maximum hygiene in mechanical milking and in health practices management throughout the production process is necessary so that the quality of crude milk is guaranteed. Current research comprises the collection of milk in milk-producing farms during April, May and June 2009 so that the microbiological safety of milk produced in the municipality of Amargosa BA Brazil may be verified. Results show that crude milk samples are unsatisfactory due to the presence of 9.68 and 35.48% of clinical and sub-clinical mastitis, respectively; 12.74% of Staphylococcus aureus, 18.26% of entero-bacteria, 12.5% of Candida albicans, 7.5% of Candida krusei, 10% of Candida tropicalis and 42.5% of other types of Candida. It is mandatory that sanitary education should be provided to milk-producing farmers so that the microbiological quality of milk could be improved.


Key words: Crude milk, microbiology, entero-bacteria, fungi.