Streptococcus agalactiae, a group B streptococcus (GBS), has been considered to be a major pathogen in neonates and pregnant women. Recently, there is accumulating concern about its significance for pathogenesis in non-pregnant adult patients. Diabetes is one of the most important underlying diseases for the development of GBS infection. This review will focus on the risk factors and clinical manifestations of GBS infections, and also introduce two patients with hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome and diabetic ketosis who were complicated with pneumonia due to GBS.
Key words: Diabetic ketosis, group B streptococcus (GBS), hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome, pneumonia
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